Table 7. Estimated forage production and grazing capacity in forests, pastures and arable lands1

Category

Structural domain

Land cover

Description

Area

Estimated forage production (kgDM/ha)

Grazing capacity SEUM) 2

Total

Grazeable

 

SEMI-NATURAL VEGETATION

Forests

Broadleaved

(1) Broadleaved evergreen forest

22,027

250

125

45,890

(2) Broadleaved deciduous forest, usually coppice, Quercus  spp. Quercus spp. Dominant

260,806

350

175

760,684

(3) Creek and riverine deciduous forest

3,049

-

-

-

(4) Broadleaved deciduous forest, Fagus silvatica dominant

158,965

-

-

-

(5) Broadleaved deciduous forest usually coppice, Quercus spp., Ostrya spp. dominant/ cultivated areas

118,883

350

175

346,742

Subtotal

563,730

   

1,153,316


Coniferous

(6) Coniferous forest (Med.) on level land

3,677

450

225

13,789

(7) Coniferous forest (Sub-Med.) on slopes

22,772

350

175

66,418

(8) Coniferous forest (Alpine) on steep land

57,946

-

-

-

(9) Coniferous forest (Med.) on level land (beaches)

115

600

300

575

Subtotal

84,510

   

80,782


Mixed

(10) Fagus silvatica pure and mixed with conifers (23%)

51,509

-

-

-

TOTAL A

699,749

   

1,234,098


Woodlands

Broadleaved

(11) Broadleaved evergreen woodland

3,360

500

250

14,000

(12) Broadleaved deciduous open forest (coppice) Quercus spp. Dominant

222,195

600

300

1,110,975

(13) Broadleaved deciduous open forest with Fagus silvatica dominating

44,787

-

-

-

Subtotal

270,342

   

1,124,975


Coniferous

(14) Coniferous open forest (Med.) on level land

3,680

800

400

24,533

(15) Coniferous open forest (Sub-Med.) on slopes

39,355

600

300

196,775

(16) Coniferous open forest (Alpine) on steep land

18,709

-

-

-

Subtotal

61,744

   

221,308


SEMI-NATURAL VEGETATION

Thickets
&
Shrublands

Mixed

(17) Fagus silvatica pure and mixed with coniferous forest

15,797

-

-

-

TOTAL B

347,883

   

1,346,283


 

(18) Mediterranean macchia

219,932

3600

1200

4,398,640

 

(19) Mediterranean macchia/ Broadleaved deciduous forest (coppice), Quercus spp. and Quercus spp.

21,602

3600

1200

432,040

 

(20) Maquis and garrigue (deciduous shrublands)

138,846

3600

1200

2,776,920

 

(21) Maquis and garrigue/cultivated areas

70,325

1200

400

468,833

 

TOTAL C

450,705

   

8,076,433

   

TOTAL (A+B+C)

1,498,337

   

10,656,813


Grasslands
&
Pastures

 

(22) Sparse trees and shrubs with open grass cover and rock

236,638

     
 

(23) Sparse trees and shrubs with very open grass cover and rocks

243,925

     
 

TOTAL D

480,563

600

360

2,883,378

 

CULTIVATED AREAS

Tree
crops

 

(24) Arboriculture with Populus and Juglans

161

     
 

(25) Arboriculture with Pinus species

2,858

     
 

(26) Arboriculture with fruit trees or shrub crops

53,578

     
 

Subtotal

56,597

     

Herbaceous
crops

 

(27) Herbaceous crops on level land

329,632

     
 

(28) Herbaceous crops on loping land

205,830

     
 

Subtotal

535,462

     

Managed
lands

 

Vegetated urban areas

156

     
 

TOTAL E

592,215

400

400

3,948,100


DICHOTOMOUS  PHASE

Aquatic vegetation

           
 

TOTAL F

9,770

     

OTHER LAND

Refused land (estimated)

 

154,289

600

360

925,754

Artificial, bare & water lands

 

100,860

100,860

-

-

-

   

TOTAL G

257,149

   

925,754


   

GRAND TOTAL (A-G)

2,838,034

   

18,414,045


1Based on the new land cover/use map produced by the ANFI project (ANFI, 2001)
2 Sheep Equivalent Units per Month (SEUM)