Ensembles physiques du Botswana.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture.

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Land System Colour Code Basal Soil Landscape Type Major Agricultural Enterprises
Sandveld   Aeolian sand deposits Flat to unulating plains, sometimes with sand dune systems and fossil river valleys and pans Wildlife - mainly in reserves, but increasingly on fenced game ranches,
Livestock - both on common (tribal) land and in fenced farms and ranchees,
Cropping - few, small and low output arable fileds - mainly producing sorghum, groundnuts and melons, particulary on the lower slopes of ridges and sand dunes, and along the bottoms of drainage lines where the soils are not too salty,
Forest Reserves - on State Lands.
  Superficial aeolian sand deposits on calcrete Flat to almost flat plains
  Superficial aeolian sand deposits on sandstone and other sedimentary rocks Almost flat to undulating plains
  Superficial aeolian sand deposits on basalt and other sedimentary rocks Flat plains with minor valleys and ridges to low hills
  Superficial aeolian sand deposits on dolomite and other sedimentary rocks Almost flat to gently undulating plains
  Partly submerged aeolian sand deposits Almost flat to gently undulating, with parallel sand dunes and/or major pans
Hardveld Amphibole-rich, meta-basic rocks Undulating plain with occasional hill ranges Livestock - Communal (tribal) grazing areas and fenced freehold and leasehold ranches
Wildlife - on game reserves and conservancies
Forest Reserves - on State Lands
Cropping - on fenced tribal land, and on leasehold farms, using lower lying areas with alluvial soils. Main crops are sorghum, melons, millet, dry beans/cow peas, groundnuts and sunflowers Also irrigated vegetables - mainly melons, maize, sorghum and millet, and dry beans
Basalt Plateaux, escarpments and almost flat plains with associated alluvium/colluvium
Sandstone Varied, from flat to undulating with infrequent hills and rock outcrops, through to hilly escarpments and fossil river valleys
Granitic gneiss Gently undulating to undulating with eroded valleys, to rugged hilly areas, with flat areas incised by drainage lines
Dolerite Hills with flat alluvium and almost flat to gently undulating pediments
Dolomite and sedimentary rocks Hills with associated almost flat to gently undulating pediments
Acid volcanic lavas Hills with undulating pediments
Granite Almost flat to gently undulating plain with rock outcrops (kopjies)
Sedimentary rocks Hilly dissected plateaux with pediments and associated alluvium
Lacustrine Major lake and depression deposits Flat to almost flat salt pans prone to flooding, plains with major pans, ancient lake beds with shorelines and plains, and fossil lagoons

Livestock - grazing on common (tribal) land
Wildlife in common lands areas

Superficial lacustrine deposits on sandstone Flat to almost flat plains Livestock - grazing on common (tribal) land
Wildlife in common lands areas
Vlei (seasonal march) deposits Flat plains Wildlife on State Lands
Intensive Cropping on leasehold farms - mainly sunflower, cotton, maize, millet and sorghum.
Alluvium Recent alluvial deposits Flat to almost flat river floodplains to fans, fans with sand ridges, delta floodplains and perennial swamps Cropping Small-scale village fields - using flood recession agriculture, growing vegetables, melons, maize, sorghum and millet, groundnuts and dry beans/cow peas Some commercial irrigation farming on freehold farms e.g. in the Limpopo and other river valley systems - growing citrus, and mixed vegetables
Livestock - mainly common-land grazing on delta floodplain fringes
Some dairying
Commercial ostrich farming
Some wildlife ranching
Wildlife - on the delta floodplains
Fossil alluvial deposits Flat to gently undulating river and delta floodplains