Proforma for 
Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profile



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

NAME OF COUNTRY

MAP & FLAG
Highlight regions and agro-ecological zones

1. INTRODUCTION
Country location
Land area, arable and pastoral areas
Ruminant sector (species, breeds, numbers, production, exports)
Farming sectors (brief details of land tenure, farm size, socio-economic issues, marketing etc)

2. SOILS AND TOPOGRAPHY
Major topographic features
Major soil types

3. CLIMATE AND AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES
General climate - effects of topography
Agro-ecological zones
Major agricultural enterprises in each zone

4. RUMINANT LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

Traditional systems: pastoral systems including transhumance and nomadism, agropastoral systems, mixed smallholder systems, landless systems
Commercial systems including ranching

Feeding systems (grazing, stall-feeding, tethering etc.)
Integration of livestock into farming systems (rice based systems, plantation systems, etc.)
Limitations (pest/disease, stock water, access to bulls/AI)
Socio-economic limitations (pasture legislation, land tenure, communal pastures, security, poor market access, poor educational infrastructure for training and extension, scarcity of land, incompatibility of grazing livestock with farming systems)

5. THE PASTURE RESOURCE
Description of main vegetation zones, grassland types
Improved pastures,sown forages, crop residues

Limitations of forage resource (infertile soils, poor quality of native pastures, poor pasture management, weeds, lack of access to high quality seed/vegetative planting materials)

6. OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF PASTURE RESOURCES
Opportunities ( improved management,adjustment of legislation, social organization, pasture rehabilitation, weed control, new pasture species, greater use of legumes, better integration of forages into farming systems, local production of seed, fodder trees and shrubs)

7. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS AND PERSONNEL
Outline key technical support and research institutions and personnel and their current research priorities
List contact people

8. REFERENCES
10-20 key references

9. CONTACTS
Brief notes on author of profile (plus photo) and the name and address of the custodian(s) of the Profile for updating etc.