Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC

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Leguminosae

Synonyms

Meibomia triflora; Desmodium bullamense G. Don.
Common names
Amor do campo, trevinho do campo, amorsinho secco, carrapicho (Brazil); hindu pujali (Sri Lanka); pacpaclanhão (the Philippines); hierba cuartillo (El Salvador).
Description
Herb; stems branched, prostrate, creeping and forming dense mats. Leaflets broadly obovate, broad and emarginate at the apex, about 1 cm long, glabrous to finely appressed-pilose beneath. Flowers pink or purplish, one to three in the leaf axils. Pod about one-third indented on one side, approximately five-seeded, pubescent (Andrews, 1952).
Distribution
Semitropical. Common in Queensland, Australia, the southern Sudan, Côte d'Ivoire, Uganda, southern Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia.g
Characteristics
A prostrate legume commonly found growing with Cynodon dactylon and Paspalum notatum in lawns and native pastures in the tropics and subtropics. Does not produce much bulk except where the nitrogen supply makes it possible. Resists drought (Farinas, 1966) and grazing very well. Is extremely palatable to poultry, especially baby chicks (Horrell, 1958). Grows well in Côte d'Ivoire with short grasses (Botton, 1958). In Hawaii, Hosaka and Ripperton (1944) report that it grows well with Cynodon dactylon, resists grazing and drought and is palatable to livestock. Payne et al. (1955) included it as a suitable component of a pasture ley in Fiji.
Otero, 1952, gave the following analysis of the plant on a dry-matter basis:
Protein 13.57%, Fat 2.58%, N-free extract 41.58%, Fibre 35.00%, Ash 7.27%.
Bermudez et al. (1968) stated that it contained 18 percent protein.o