Baphia nitida Lodd.

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Leguminosae

Common names

Camwood.

Description

Shrubby tree growing to about 3 m on the Accra Plains, Ghana, to about 10 m in the forests, with smooth branchlets and fragrant white flowers with a yellow centre, usually one to four together.

Distribution

Native to west central Africa; occurs in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Benin, southern Nigeria, the Republic of Cameroon, Guinea, Gabon, Ghana and Zaire.

Characteristics

Favours moist seepage areas on the perimeters of termitaria on plains. Not always associated with thickets. A secondary species in forests; its frequency increases with rainfall. Grows easily from seeds or cuttings. High palatability (rated 4 out of 5); browsed at any time . Table 15.2 gives percentages of dry matter and its composition (Rose-Innes and Mabey, 1964a).
The earliest dye wood (Camwood) was brought from West Africa. The source of the dye, which is soluble in alkali, is the bark and heart of the tree.