Bromus inermis Leyss.

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Graminae

Synonyms

Zerna inennis (Leyss.) Lindm., Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub

Author: Alain Peeters

Common names

Hungarian brome or awnless brome (English), Brome inerme (French), Unbegrannte trespe (German).

Description

Perennial plant, robust, hairless, with long rhizomes. Stems erect, 30 - 100 (- 160) cm high. Blade rolled when young, large (5 - 12 mm), rough. Ligule very short (1 mm), truncate. No aurieles. Panicle-like inflorescence, oblong, with erect branches, half-verticillate. Spilekets with 5 - 8 flowers very exceptionally awned (awn: 4 nun maximum). The weight of 1000 seeds is 3.0 to 4.0 g (big seeds). Chromosome number: 2n = 56.

Temperature

Adapted to temperate regions (very abundant in Hungary !). Does not tolerate shade. Very resistant to cold.

Water

Adapted to dry climates and very resistant to drought, moisture sensitive.

Soil

Valorizes well the nutrients. Cultivated on good soils.

Distribution

Native to median and northern Europe as well as temperate Asia. Mostly in the lowlands.

References