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Table 5. Estimated Feed Availability to Livestock in Ethiopia
  Highland Lowland Total
Feed Resources

Area('000 ha)

Availability Area ('000 ha) Availability Area ('000 ha) Availability
Ton DM/ha Total DM ('000 Tons) Conversion FU/kg DM Total FU ('000,000) Ton DM/ha Total DM ('000 Tons) Conversion Factor Total FU('000,000) DM ('000 Tons) FU ('000,000)
Native Pasture (a) 22300 1.5 33450.0 0.75 25087.5 43200 0.56 24192 0.36 8709.1 65500 57642 33796.6
Crop Residues (b) 5423 1.28 6930.7 0.45 3137.2 - - - - - 5423 6930.7 3137.2
Cereals 4688 1.4 6563.2 0.45 2953.4 - - - - - 4688 6563.2 2953.4
Pulses 735 0.5 367.5 0.50 183.8 - - - - - 735 367.5 183.8
Stubble grazing 4688 0.4 1875.2 0.50 937.6 - - - - - 4688 1875.2 937.6
Industrial by Products (c) - - 198.0 0.67 132.7 - - - - - - 198.0 132.7
Total 37834 - 49384.6 - 32432.2 43200 - 24192 - 8709.1 - 73576.6 41141.3
Source: MoA (1991) Ethiopian Forestry Action Programme (EFAP), pp.48 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
(a) Area of the natural pasture was from GOE/IUCN (1990)
(b) Area under annual cropping from annual reports, 1979-1989, CSA (1989)
(c) Agricultural industrial by-products (Oil cake, Cotton seed, Bran Molasses) from three years (1987/88-1989/90) average (CSA, 1990). Average yield (t DM/ha) and conversion factors to FU (Feed unit) were from MoA (1984).