Pastures and Livestock under Tree Crops

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Photo 1*. Beef cattle grazing under oil palm on a smallholder unit in a FELDA [Federal Land Development Authority] plantation, Malaysia.
[Photo by Steve Reynolds, December 1996].

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Photo 2* and 3*. Cattle grazing under rubber on a smallholder unit in a FELDA [Federal Land Development Authority] plantation, Malaysia.
[Photos by Steve Reynolds, December 1996]

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Photo 4 **. Beef cattle-oil palm integration on a FELDA [Federal Land Development Authority] plantation in Serting, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia. [Photo by Steve Reynolds, September 2003].

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Photo 5. A pasture of Batiki grass Ischaemum ciliare (syn. I. aristatum, I. indicum) and Calliandra calothyrsus under coconuts in Samoa.
[Photo by Steve Reynolds 1993]

Photo 6. Cattle grazing on local pastures [Buffalo grass - Stenotaprum secundatum] under coconuts in Vanuatu.
[Photo by Steve Reynolds,1993]

Photo 7. Cattle grazing under 20-year old coconuts on Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) Centro (Centrosema pubescens) pasture in Samoa.
[Photo by Steve Reynolds 1978]

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Photo 8. Sheep grazing on Brachiaria humidicola grass between hedgerow planted rubber [trees spaced at 2-3 metres in the row with alleys of 22 metres between rows) on a MARDI trial in Malaysia [Photo by Steve Reynolds, 1991]

Feed Resources and the Integration of Animal Production in Coconut Plantations
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