Dairying requires a different approach to producing beef cattle. Dairy cows can be run as a

herd, but they must be managed as individual animals. This means that

cows must be observed more closely for their feed and production requirements. A good farmer will check his pastures, fences and each cow and calf every day.

records of each cow must be kept so that you know if she is breeding properly and producing milk efficiently,

a simple milking place with a roof, head bail and calf pen must be constructed,

careful attention must be given to selecting a dairy type bull,

breeding bulls must be sold or slaughtered before they can mate with their daughters,

male calves not wanted for breeding must be castrated at an early age,

the cows must be observed at calving time to prevent calving problems,

cows which produce milk need much more water than beef cattle.