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7th International Conference on Goats

Following the conferences held in New Delhi, India in 1992 and Beijing, China in 1996, the 7th International Conference on Goats will be held in Tours, France from 14 to 20 May 2000. Between 600 and 1 000 scientists and representatives from goat production organizations in both industrial and developing countries are expected to parti-cipate at this meeting. The conference will comprise four days of sessions in the town of Tours, and a one-day technical tour in the Poitou-Charentes region, an important area of goat production where satellite symposia will be held.

In addition to the main topics of previous conferences, there will be a special focus on the transfer of knowledge and technology from research to application and production organizations. International speakers will present lectures on topics of general interest. Oral and/or poster contributions for all sessions and round-table discussions are welcome. Proceedings will be published and distributed during the conference. Simultaneous interpretation will be provided in English and French.
More detailed information can be obtained from the Organizing Secretariat, 7th International Conference on Goats (7 ICG), Institut de l'élevage, 149 rue de Bercy, 75595 Paris Cedex 12, France. Fax: 33 1 4004 5280; e-mail: sirdoc@acta.asso.fr

Courses held at the Royal Veterinary College, University of London

The Royal Veterinary College is planning the following ongoing courses:

M.Sc. Degree in Food Animal Health

The Food Animal Health course is intended to meet the requirements of training at an advanced level for veterinarians and other professionals from both developed or developing countries to keep abreast of changes in the demand for animal protein increases and subsequent updating in management systems to meet these demands. The course provides advanced instruction on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and control of diseases of economic and public health significance in the major food animals.

The formal course is taught from October to June. A variety of methods are used ranging from lectures to less formal seminars, discussions, demonstrations and practical classes. The course is open to graduates in veterinary medicine or veterinary science of the University of London or another approved university, or graduates in animal sciences from an approved university.
For further information, please contact Mrs C. Brizuela, Boltons Park Farm, Hawkshead Road, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, EN6 1NB, UK; Fax: +44 (0)1707 647085; e-mail: brizuela @rvc.ac.uk

M.Sc. and Postgraduate Diploma in Livestock Health and Production by distance learning

The Royal Veterinary College (RVC) in conjunction with the External Programme of the University of London is developing a distance learning course on Livestock Health and Production that will commence in February 1999.The course will provide tuition in relation not only to the major food producing livestock species (cattle, pigs and sheep), but also to goats, rabbits, camelids, poultry, horses and donkeys.

The programme will be of interest to veterinarians and livestock specialists who would find it difficult to attend a traditional university-based course. The modules will include subjects such as livestock disease and its control, reproduction and fertility, production (nutrition, genetics, husbandry) and animal welfare.
Apart from joining the course to gain a postgraduate academic qualification, it is envisaged that veterinarians and other professionals could take up individual modules as a form of continuing professional development (CPD) and register as affiliated students of the RVC. The flexibility of this form of study allows busy professionals to keep up to date with the rapid expansion and ever increasing knowledge related to the subject without taking long periods of leave from their post.
For further information, please contact:

For the M.Sc. or Postgraduate Diploma
Livestock Health and Production, Room 1, Senate House, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HU, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)171 636 8000 (Ext. 3150); fax: +44 (0)171 636 5841; e-mail: enquiries@ eisa.lon.ac.uk

For the affiliated (CPD) programme
Course Director, Livestock Health and Production, Royal Veterinary College, Boltons Park Farm, Hawkshead Road, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire EN6 1NB, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)1707 666 240; fax: +44 (0)1707 647 085; e-mail: exprog@rvc.ac.uk

XXI World Poultry Congress

The congress will take place in Montréal, Canada from 20 to 25 August 2000. It is expected that 4 000 people will attend this very important meeting. The Scientific Program Committee is planning a detailed schedule of symposia for the bulk of the formal programme. This represents a departure from previous congresses, but members of the committee agreed at their first meeting that multidisciplinary approaches are necessary to address the majority of contemporary problems in poultry science and the poultry industry.

Twelve symposia will be offered each day covering the broadest possible range of topics in poultry science. Invited speakers from around the world will give presentations on all aspects of egg and poultry production, research developments, technological innovations, environmental concerns and problems of disease control and management.
For further information, please contact: Congress and Exhibit Secretariat, c/o Events International Meeting Planners Inc., 759 Victoria Square, Suite 300, Montréal, Québec, Canada H2Y 2J7; Tel.: +1 514 286 0855; fax: +1 514 286 6066; e-mail: info@event sintl.com; Web site:http://www.wpc2000.org

New applications of membrane technology in the dairy industry

Organized by the Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), this International Dairy Federation Seminar will take place in Saint-Malo, France from 7 to 10 June 1999 and will be conducted in English.

The seminar will attempt to assemble the most recent information on new applications of the membrane processes that would benefit the dairy processing industry worldwide. It is intended for dairy professionals interested in all aspects of membrane processes - researchers, industry practitioners, regulatory personnel, students, engineers and scientists interested in industrial membrane processes and the development of new products. The overall objective of the seminar is to highlight new developments, new knowledge and new actual or proposed practical applications of microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis for industrial processing of milk, traditional dairy products, novel dairy ingredients and dairy processing wastes.
Contributions are invited on any subject related to the above seminar objectives. Presentations will be either in oral form or eventually as posters. For further information on any aspects of this seminar, please contact: Prof. J.L. Maubois, Dairy Research Laboratory, INRA, 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, FR-35042 Rennes Cedex, France.

IPC Livestock - Innovation and Practical Training Centre

The following training courses will be conducted by IPC Livestock during 1999/2000 at their Institute in Barneveld, the Netherlands. (All prices include full board and lodging, but exclude international travel expenses.)

Short professional training programmes in 1999

International training programmes

 

In addition, IPC Livestock will custom design study programmes for anyone interested and conduct them either at their Institute in Barneveld or on location.

For further information, please contact: Head, Department of International Studies and Cooperation Programmes, IPC Live-stock, Barneveld College, PO Box 64, 3770 AB Barneveld, the Netherlands. Tel.: +31 342 414881; fax: +31 342 492813; e-mail: io@ipcdier.hacom.nl

 

 

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Risk maps for Old World screwworm in the Near East region

Following the recent introduction of the Old World screwworm (OWS) into Iraq, a consultancy was undertaken in 1997 to develop procedures for the production of digital risk maps that would serve as early warning indicators of the likely spread of the parasite both within Iraq itself and to neighbouring countries. Georeferenced data on disease occurrence by species was subjected to a discriminative analysis, with a set of Fourier processed satellite variables as a predictor data set. These variables were selected on the basis of their ability to separate most effectively the different OWS classes.

In the "best fits" to the observed data, OWS in sheep was described with class accuracies exceeding 72 percent, while cases in cattle were described with accuracies exceeding 70 percent. The results of the discriminative analysis were then used to make predictions of OWS risk areas throughout Iraq and its immediate neighbours. Subsequent expansion of OWS in Iraq has complied very accurately, thus demonstrating the usefulness of this approach for the prediction of the spread of insect vectors and parasites as influenced by climatic and vegetational changes.
The information contained in the consultancy report could be useful to epidemiologists and others concerned in developing early warning systems for vector-borne diseases. For more information, please contact B.S. Hursey, Senior Officer (Insect-borne diseases), Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome. Fax: +39 06 57055749; e-mail: brian.hursey@ fao.org

8th World Conference on Animal Production (WCAP)

After five years of exhaustive preparation, this important world conference was held from 28 June to 4 July 1998 at the Seoul National University in the Republic of Korea. About 2 000 delegates from almost 100 countries attended from all over the world. The theme chosen for this important event was "Animal Production into the 21st Century for the Quality of Human Life". The main feature of the one-week programme was the presentation of the 210 excellent invited scientific papers. The programme also included three preconference symposia, one special symposium, 11 symposia covering different species and scientific areas, four plenary sessions, eight review sessions and 1 000 contributed papers that were presented at 24 scientific sessions.

FAO played a significant role in this conference, not only by contributing financial assistance, but also by providing sponsorships, convening sessions and presenting papers. The findings of the vast number of subjects covered will provide an interesting and most useful collection of information. The proceedings of the conference may be obtained from the Conference Secretariat, Organizing Committee, 8th WCAP, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Suweon 441-744, Republic of Korea. Tel.: +82 331 292 0896; fax: +82 331 292 3801; e-mail: jongha@plaza.snu.ac.kr

Launch of the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System - Stage 2 (DAD-IS 2.0)

The Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) provides information and tools for management, teaching and research related to the characterization, sustainable use and conservation of farm animal genetic resources (AnGR). DAD-IS is being developed by FAO, with the assistance of users of the system, as an integral element of the strategic framework for the management of AnGR. It enables ready and low-cost exchange and use of information on AnGR, and facilitates communication within countries and at the regional and global levels.

The second stage of this information system, DAD-IS 2.0, was launched on a CD-ROM diskette in August 1998 and on the World Wide Web in September 1998. It has extensive databases, library, research and training tools and many links to related Web sites. Besides containing more information on the databases and updated tools and documents compared with its predecessor, DAD-IS 2.0 also has more security measures for country use. Its very detailed User's Manual provides extensive information on the various services offered and how to access them.
For more information, please contact: Fax: +39 06 57053927; e-mail: DAD-IS@fao.org; Web site: http://www.fao.org/dad-is (see also back cover).

Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

The FAO Commission on Plant Genetic Resources, which was established in 1985, was broadened in 1995 to cover all components of agrobiodiversity of relevance to food and agriculture and hence was renamed the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The first component to be introduced was animal genetic resources. Under the umbrella of this commission, the first session of the subsidiary Inter-governmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was held from 8 to 10 September 1998 at FAO headquarters, Rome. This is an intergovernmental mechanism with the objective of facilitating and promoting better management of animal genetic resources at the global, regional and national levels.

The proceedings of this meeting will be available on the Web (http://www.fao.org/dad-is).
For more information, please contact: Animal Genetic Resources Group, Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Rome. Fax: +39 06 57053927; e-mail: idad@fao.org

Welcome to PANIS!

The Pacific Islands ANimal Health Information System (PANIS) is the output of a regional technical cooperation project (TCP/RAS/6612) that started almost two years ago as an FAO/South Pacific Commission (SPC) joint venture. Initially, the project comprised seven FAO member countries - Cook Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu - but under SPC auspices it was extended to in-clude all the other 15 Pacific Island countries that are members of SPC.

One of PANIS's main goals is to diminish the effects of the geographical isolation of Pacific Island countries (PICs). PANIS provides them with tools, such as computers and information technologies, to access global information and make themselves known to the international community, as well as enabling them to exchange views and information regarding animal disease suspicion, diagnosis, control and/or eradication. In emergency situations it also allows for more direct and faster contact among PICs and regional and international organizations.
The SPC Regional Animal Health Service was designated as the Regional Animal Health Information Network Node in this regional animal health information-sharing network. The installation of more sophisticated Internet capacities at SPC headquarters in New Caledonia will in turn strengthen the possibilities of the seven PIC members of FAO to share data and views among themselves. In addition, it will also improve reporting to their international trading partners through FAO and other international organizations.
For more information about PANIS and the Animal Health Project, please contact Valdir Welte, Animal Health Officer (Disease Intelligence), Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Rome. E-mail: valdir.welte@fao.org; or visit the PANIS Web site: http://202.0.157.4/PANIS/Default.html

Regional Animal Disease Surveillance and Control Network (RADISCON)

The second Annual Steering Committee Meeting of RADISCON took place in Agadir, Morocco on 29 and 30 March 1998. It was attended by representatives from FAO and IFAD, as well as from the four RADISCON subregions: the Maghreb and Sahel; the Middle East; the Arab Gulf; and the Horn of Africa/others. Two FAO consultants, a representative from the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD) and RADISCON National Liaison Officer (NLO) in Morocco attended the meeting as observers. The progress report prepared by the RADISCON Coordinating Unit (RCU) in FAO, Rome and the FAO Regional Office for the Near East (RNE), Cairo was discussed. The Steering Committee members unanimously expressed their adherence to the project concept and their recognition of its high relevance to the development of the livestock sector in the countries and regions concerned.

Training at the country level, using regional expertise as much as possible, will be completed in the course of 1998 when the ten remaining local training sessions will be conducted. Activities related to active surveillance of brucellosis will also be launched during 1998. The importance of the pilot study on sheep pox was highlighted and the meeting agreed to support the implementation of a related project being prepared on the subject. The subregional representative of RADISCON for the Maghreb and Sahel presented strong arguments in favour of an eradication strategy for sheep pox, based in the long term on slaughter and compensation. A workshop on disease implications for livestock trade in the Near East with special emphasis on small ruminants was scheduled to take place in Cairo at the end of October 1998, focusing on peste des petits ruminants (PPR), rinderpest, Rift Valley fever (RVF) and brucellosis.
The Steering Committee agreed to the mounting of two series of workshop: one to discuss among NLOs and other senior veterinary staff within each subregion how to establish minimum database standards; and the other to establish the related policy issues by discussion among directors of Veterinary Services and/or other decision-makers of the countries in each subregion.
The first series of workshops on minimum database standards will be organized to discuss the future organization and management of RADISCON. This will include the adoption of minimum (harmonized) systems of data collection and data management (databases and data analysis) through a database workshop possibly involving, in addition to RADISCON NLOs, the heads of both National Field Services and National Laboratory Services, to review the various steps followed in passive surveillance activities (collection, trans-mission, storage and analysis). National data-collecting forms would be reviewed to ensure that they comply with the minimum recommended standards. This will be followed by a workshop targeting policy-makers (directors of Veterinary Services) which will provide the opportunity to discuss and possibly endorse suggestions made during the first series of workshops.
It was also agreed during the meeting that AOAD should become a full Steering Committee member.
For more information on RADISCON, please contact Dr Abdelali Benkirane, Animal Health Officer (Bacteriology), Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Rome. E-mail: abdelali.benkirane@fao.org; Web site: http://www.fao.org/Waicent/FaoInfo/Agricult/AGA/AGAH/ID/Radiscon/Default.htm

African swine fever

The present and historical situation of African swine fever (ASF) in the West African region was reflected in the Technical Meeting held in Lomé, Togo, 3-4 June 1998, in which 13 countries participated.

Cape Verde, Senegal, Cameroon and, probably, the Gambia and Guinea-Bissau have a long history of ASF infection. Because of the size of the country and the size of its pig population, Nigeria may also belong to this category in view of outbreaks in 1973 and in 1997/98. The situation in Liberia remains unclear. Guinea, Burkina Faso and Ghana continue to be uninfected, as does Côte d'Ivoire since the epizootic in 1996 which was quickly eliminated.
In the most recently infected countries, the situation in Benin appears to have stabilized, with the southern half of the country being infected. ASF is apparently spreading in Togo, presenting a serious threat to Ghana, Burkina Faso and the hitherto uninfected Atacora Province in Benin. In Cape Verde, pigs are extremely important at the family level. They contribute to a major extent to household food security and family income. Losses to ASF are experienced virtually every year, at least on São Tiago island and probably Maio island, where the disease is apparently endemic. There is at present no effective legislation to control ASF and other epizootic diseases, although adequate draft legislation exists. Improved ASF control would help to ensure that pig owners will not suffer heavy periodic losses, and would enable the development of commercial pig farming where conditions are suitable. However, an eradication campaign is likely to bring more hardship than relief. In view of the shortage of veterinary staff and infrastructure, a control strategy based on training farmers in pig management and disease prevention has the best chance of success.
Training and assisting farmers to improve pig farming systems and to act as an information network for disease surveillance, early warning and early reaction were identified as priorities for economical and sustainable ASF management in West Africa. (Extracted from TCP/CVI/8823 consultancy report of June 1998 by Mary-Louise Penrith, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa.)

Outbreaks of African swine fever in West Africa


Programme Against African Trypanosomiasis Information System (PAAT-IS)

The PAAT Information System is undergoing further development with the assistance of a newly appointed technical officer based in the Animal Production and Health Division of FAO. The project will last two years and aims to integrate data on the tsetse fly, farming systems and economics, environment and animal and human health. When completed, it will comprise a resources inventory, a technical knowledge base and a Geographic Information System (GIS) capability. A new e-mail forum has also been set up to complement PAAT activities and improve information exchange between interested parties. In addition, the existing PAAT Web site will be updated to incorporate all the latest developments of PAAT-IS.

A prototype GIS viewer for East Africa has been built and installed in FAO headquarters, which includes the ability to identify tsetse control priority areas and also provide impact prediction tables and maps for user-defined areas. The last eight years of the Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Information Quarterly (TTIQ) have been captured electronically and the resultant searchable database, with abstracts, provides the basis to the knowledge-base component.
For more information on the progress of the PAAT Information System, please contact chris.jenner@fao.org

Quantifying the impact of tsetse control on farming

This most valuable and informative consultancy report prepared in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia in 1998 could be summarized as follows:

Analysis of disease and socio- economic changes in Upper Didessa Valley

Data on changes in tsetse abundance, trypanosomiasis prevalence, cultivated land, livestock and human population were compared before and after the implementation of the tsetse control in the area. The results show that:

Socio-economic changes that have been observed in tsetse control areas were by far higher than the changes recorded in the adjacent weredas, which include land above the natural limit of tsetse.
For more information, please contact B.S. Hursey, Senior Officer (Insect-borne diseases), Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. Fax: +39 06 57055749; e-mail: brian.hursey@fao.org

 

 

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Les colloques 81. Intérêts nutritionnel et diététique du lait de chèvre.

Geneviève Freund, éd. 1997. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, INRA Editions - Route de St-Cyr - F 78026 Versailles Cedex.
200 pages. ISBN 2-7380-0752-X.
Prix: 110 FF.

Cette publication est le résultat d'un colloque intitulé «Le lait de chèvre, un atout pour la santé», qui a eu lieu le 7 novembre 1996 à Niort (France).

Cet ouvrage permet de faire un état des connaissances relatives à l'intérêt nutritionnel du lait de chèvre et de présenter les expériences dans ce domaine, de manière à pouvoir mieux faire connaître ses qualités aussi bien au milieu médical qu'au grand public.
La quatrième partie de l'ouvrage traite des nouvelles valorisations pour une production «traditionnelle» du lait de chèvre qui est d'un intérêt tout particulier pour les pays en développement souhaitant mieux exploiter la filière caprine.

J.-C.L.

Biotechnology - building on farmers' knowledge

J.F.G. Bunders, B. Haverkort and W. Hiemstra. 1997.
Macmillan Education Ltd, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 6XS, UK. Copublished with ETC Netherlands BV, Leusden, the Netherlands.
256 pp. ISBN 0-333-67082 5.
Price: £8.95.

This book examines the application of biotechnology to agricultural development. It begins with a farmer's view, assesses farmer-based as well as science-based biotechnology and then looks at the socio-political context. It covers a range of technologies from the simple to the technologically sophisticated, and from those long established and widely applied by ordinary people to those more recently developed by specialist scientists.

The first part of the book examines rural people's existing biotechnology practices in the areas of animal health, biopesticides, food processing and crop genetic resources. Part two focuses on science-based biotechnology research and assesses the potential of existing technologies and the sociopolitical context of formal sector research. The book presents a participatory and interactive methodology for the development of biotechnologies for small-scale farmers in the tropics that builds on the farmers' knowledge and makes use of the latest scientific insights. The final part suggests a model for integrating the formal and the informal research and development systems.
The book presents a well-balanced, factual and well-informed discussion which, without prejudice or superficial exaggerations, puts a reasoned case, bringing all the differing points of view together in an integrated approach to biotechnology development.

El Arca

Boletín de la Sociedad Española para los Recursos Genéticos Animales (SERGA), (1): 1. 1997.
Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba, Departamento de Genética y Unidad de Etnología, Facultad de Veterinaria.

El Arca no se ha concebido sólo como una publicación meramente de difusión, sino que también pretende aportar información de carácter científico, y con este fin recogerá las contribuciones de investigadores relacionados con la conservación del patrimonio genético animal. La SERGA dispone de un comité científico compuesto por especialistas de los diferentes ámbitos de la gestión de los recursos genéticos animales. El Arca es un boletín semestral de difusión gratuita, sin fines de lucro que se financia con aportes del Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba. Por ello, cualquier información que en él aparezca, aunque pueda tener un contenido publicitario, no tiene otra intención que contribuir a enriquecer el conocimiento y la preservación de los recursos genéticos animales y no revertirá ningún beneficio económico para la revista.

La dirección del Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba es: Avenida Medina Azahara 9, 14005 Córdoba, España. Tel.: (957) 218 742/218 708; fax: (957) 218 666; correo electrónico: SERGA@uco.es

Cría de avestruces, emúes y ñandúes

E. Carbajo García et al. 1997. Real Escuela de Avicultura.
444 págs. ISBN: 920978-3-3.

Cría de avestruces, emúes y ñandúes es un tratado rico de ilustraciones sobre la historia, anatomía, fisiología, etología, reproducción, incubación, manejo, rendimiento en carne, producción de piel y plumas, cría y explotación de reproductores, alimentación, patología y profilaxis y economía de la producción de emúes y ñandues. Sin embargo, la cría de avestruces para carne es aún menos frecuente que la venta de reproductores. El libro contiene además un conjunto de recetas para el consumo de la carne de estos animales. La variedad de los temas tratados permitirán al técnico y al criador encontrar qualquiera información que necesiten. La obra ya ha conocido un gran éxito editorial y en 1997, año de su aparición, se publicaron dos ediciones.

La dirección de la Real Escuela de Avicultura es: Plana del Paraíso 14, 08350 Arenys de Mar, Barcelona, España. Tel.: (93) 792 1137; fax: (93) 792 1537; correo elctrónico: castello@lix.intercom.es; sitio Web: www.avicultura.com

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