14 Feb 2014
Surveillance of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in susceptible wildlife and domestic ungulates in Southeast of Bulgaria following a FMD case in wild boar
Following a foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) case of serotype O in wild boar in Southeast of Bulgaria, notified in January 2011 and eleven FMD outbreaks in livestock, a control and eradication plan according to the EU legislation was implemented. Based on the epidemiological considerations a “Cordon Sanitaire” along the border to Turkey, consisting of a defined infected area (1240 km2) and two areas of risk (2160 km2) was established. Within these areas a total of 812 wild boar, 68 roe deer, 7 red deer and 2 mouflons, hunted between February 2011 and January 2012, were tested for the presence of FMD. No FMD virus could be detected. Seropositive animals were found in wild boar (6.9%) and roe deer (4.4%), most of them spatially clustered around the FMD outbreaks in livestock, limited within a radius of 20 km. The outbreaks in domestic ungulates were controlled in the framework of EU legislation, including stamping out, standstill and no use of vaccination. All villages within the Cordon Sanitaire were examined for the presence of FMD according to the control and eradication plan. Neither clinical signs nor seroconversion was detected and the region could regain its status of FMD freedom without vaccination. The relatively low seroprevalence and clustered spatial distribution of seropositive wild boar and roe deer suggest that the FMD infection in wildlife was mainly a short living event, which failed to develop into a large scale epidemic.
24 Oct 2013
The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease: working together to protect livestock
Article on the Russian magazine Agrobezopasnost, concerning the EuFMD. The link is to the Russian magazine; the attached file is in english.
29 May 2013
Foot-and-mouth disease: why control is key to economic growth
The modern day silk roads of central and west Asia carry a much wider diversity of goods than in the days of Marco Polo. But one thing remains the same: the importance of the trade in live animals that flows from the less developed regions – and the epidemic waves of animal disease that follows. Especially, the foot-and-mouth disease, which occurs every year and usually spreads from east to west.
In 2010, FMD reached as far as Bulgaria; other recent outbreaks made it to Israel, Libya and Egypt. Although certain countries appear most important as the primary source, at least 14 countries in west Eurasia are affected regularly. Within these virus ecosystems, half-applied control measures may spur drug-resistance and vaccine failures.
15 Feb 2013
Training in Nepal for North West vet
North West Livestock Health and Pest Authority (LHPA) District Vet Libby Guest recently travelled to Nepal to participate in foot and mouth disease (FMD) training. The training was designed to help key Australians recognise, report and investigate FMD, thereby strengthening Australia’s early warning and response capacity. Libby was able to see FMD lesions in cattle and goats on farms near Kathmandu and assist Nepalese livestock officers in controlling the outbreak.
14 Feb 2013
Foot-and-Mouth Disease prevention in Australia
13 Feb 2013
Nepal visit boosts FMD preparedness
SEVEN veterinarians from the Victorian Department of Primary Industries have visited Nepal recently – returning with more than memories of a cultural experience.
They also completed foot and mouth disease training, experiencing the impacts of the disease and advising on potential control measures
13 Feb 2013 - 19 Feb 2013
Hands-on foot and mouth disease training in Nepal
Victoria is better equipped to identify and respond to a foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak after Department of Primary Industries (DPI) animal health staff completed FMD training in Southern Asia. Seven DPI vets recently returned from the training in Nepal and seven more vets and animal health officers are expected to be involved in similar training this year.DPI Disease Surveillance Project Manager Paul Beltz said his training in Nepal provided him and fellow vets Robert Suter and John Ryan with key tools for FMD diagnosis.
05 Feb 2013
Vets upskill to combat FMD risk
New England veterinarian Andrew Biddle recently travelled to Nepal to participate in training in Foot and Mouth Disease measures which could benefit the livestock industry should an outbreak ever occur in Australia. He was one of five District Livestock Health and Pest Authority vets from across NSW selected to participate in the training, which was funded by the Federal Department of Agriculture (DAFF) and allowed participants to gain practical real-time experience in FMD issues.
21 Dec 2012
FMD preparedness boost for WA
We've been hearing a lot about exotic cattle diseases over the past week with almost 300 bulls in the Kimberley being traced from a Queensland stud infected with the wasting disease bovine Johnes.But how would WA cope if other exotic diseases - such as foot-and-mouth was to enter the state as well?Australia is currently free of FMD but many other countries, such as Nepal aren't. And that's why ten Australian veterinarians and industry representatives recently spent a week in the Asian nation. Dr Jenny Cotter from the Department of Agriculture and food is one of the vets who's just returned to Australia, and she went along to help increase WA's emergency preparedness.
20 Dec 2012
Nepalese training visit increases FMD emergency preparedness capacity
Western Australia’s surveillance capacity and preparedness for an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has been strengthened by a recent training visit to Nepal.Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia district veterinary officer Jenny Cotter spent five days in Nepal with nine other Australian veterinarians and industry representatives looking for, sampling and testing cattle and goats affected by FMD. This training opportunity was provided through a joint arrangement between the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations and the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF).