30 Mar 2016 -
Southlanders go to Nepal to study foot and mouth disease
Riversdale's Northern Southland Vets Michael Baer has been to Nepal for a foot and mouth disease course. The red countries on the map show areas with infection and yellow has sparse infection. A group of southern veterinarians have first-hand experience of dealing with foot and mouth disease after a trip to Nepal.
The European Commission for the control of the disease runs training courses for Australasian animal health professionals to deal with foot and mouth disease in affected countries. Northern Southland Vets veterinarian Michael Baer, along with DairyNZ veterinarian Anna Irwin and Silver Fern Farms Finegand employee Sandra Willis went on the week-long trip to Nepal in December. During their week in Nepal the team did classroom training as well as visiting properties and looking at cases of ageing lesions on animals, taking samples and ensuring on-farm biosecurity. New Zealand is free of foot and mouth disease, but it has been estimated by industry groups that an outbreak could cost the country billions of dollars in livestock being put down and from lost trade and productivity. The vets are expected to pass on the knowledge they gained from their Nepal training to farmers and other primary industry people.
30 Mar 2016 -
The European Union and FAO Partnership
Partnering for sustainable rural development and global food and nutrition security
The European Union is among FAO’s most important partners through programmes implemented in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Near East and Latin America. Today the EU and FAO are engaged in close cooperation with a strengthened focus on the shared goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger.
17 Mar 2016 -
Nepal training boosts chances of recognising foot-and-mouth disease
Western Australia’s chances of quickly detecting the highly contagious livestock disease foot-and-mouth disease have been boosted by ongoing training of DAFWA staff and WA industry in Nepal. Department virologist Andrew Hughes and compliance officer Bevan Wooldridge completed hands-on training in Nepal in the key signs of foot-and-mouth disease in late 2015 under a program funded by the federal Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. To date, the program has trained 16 department staff and several WA industry members. Dr Hughes said DAFWA’s Chief Veterinary Officer was able to certify WA livestock as free of foot-and-mouth disease due to our rigorous animal health surveillance and traceability systems, which support our livestock and livestock product export market worth $1.6 billion in 2014/15.
17 Mar 2016 -
Up close with foot and mouth disease
When you're a New Zealand animal vet in Nepal with foot and mouth disease literally underfoot, even the sight of a local riding an elephant has a grim side. It's another reminder of the spread-potential of the disease most dreaded by New Zealand farmers, says Greenlea Premier Meats business development manager and qualified vet Julie McDade, who was the Meat Industry Association's representative on a recent foot and mouth disease training programme in Nepal. Elephants, along with cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, deer and a host of other animals including giraffe, rhino, rats and hedgehogs are susceptible to foot and mouth, which raises the question of how many entrants to New Zealand think to declare at the border they had an elephant ride on their holiday. Foot and mouth is endemic in Nepal, a country of nearly 28 million people sandwiched between India and China and home to eight of the world's highest mountains, including Everest. The disease is unlikely ever to be stamped out there. McDade says cattle, mostly bulls which are sacred in Nepal, freely wander the streets, milking cows are staked outside homes with householders walking daily over manure in which the virus can live for at least two days. Animals being taken to grazing areas and their owners then spread it over the countryside. There is a vaccine for foot and mouth but it must be refrigerated, an impossible task in a poor country. The virus also lives for up to two days in clothes and nasal passages.
17 Mar 2016 -
Épizootie de la fièvre aphteuse en Afrique du Nord : la détection précoce et confiance de la liberté
Avant 2014, l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie n'avaient notifié aucun cas de fièvre aphteuse et cela depuis 1999. Cependant, en mai 2012, ils ont été reconnus par L'Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE) comme pays membres avec un programme officiel de contrôle de la fièvre aphteuse approuvé. Indemnes de fièvre aphteuse avec vaccination depuis 15 ans, la Tunisie en Avril 2014 et suivie par l'Algérie en Juillet 2014 ont signalé des foyers de fièvre aphteuse dans de nombreux endroits. En 2015, de nouveaux foyers ont été identifiés durant le mois de Mars en Algérie et la maladie a ensuite été détectée au Maroc à la fin d'Octobre. Pour répondre à l'incursion de la fièvre aphteuse dans la région, les pays ont mis en œuvre différentes mesures de contrôle pour limiter la propagation de la maladie et une campagne de vaccination d'urgence. La mise en œuvre d'une surveillance ciblée et continue parmi la population animale sensible en Algérie, Tunisie et au Maroc est nécessaire pour donner confiance dans la liberté de la maladie et donner des preuves d'efficacité des mesures de contrôle préalablement mises en œuvre. Dans les régions comme l'Afrique du Nord (Egypte, Libye, Tunisie, Algérie, Maroc et Mauritanie), où les estimations du nombre de petits ruminants est de 85 millions et 14 millions de grands ruminants, le contrôle des mouvements d'animaux est un problème. La perméabilité de la frontière dans la région d'Afrique du Nord et l'instabilité politique dans certaines régions restent des éléments clés pouvant influer le contrôle de la maladie.
03 Feb 2016 -
France Donates Vaccine To FMD
Government of France has made a donation of 100,000 dozens of food-and-mouth disease vaccine to Nepal government’s Department of Livestock. As food-and-mouth disease is one of the major disease killing cattle in Nepal, the donation provided by Government of France has significant importance.“The vaccine will be used as part of Nepal’s ongoing campaign to control foot-and-mouth disease and will be particularly valuable in those districts severely affected by recent earthquakes,” said Deputy Director General of Department of Livestock.During the ceremony, representatives from Food and Agriculture Association (FAO) were also present. “Out of 100,000 doses, we have already administered over 90,000 doses,” said the doctors.The donation of vaccine was organized through the European Commission for the Control of Foot and Mouth Disease (EUFMD), UN Food and Agriculture Organization of which France is a member state. The FAO Regional Support Unit of the Emergency Center for Trans-boundary Animal Disease based in Kathmandu provided vital local facilitation.
30 Dec 2015 -
Drones set to give global farming a makeover
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation is researching how drones might be used in these situations, as part of training vets on how to deal with foot and mouth disease (FMD).“FMD tends to be a problem in the dairy sector, which is important in smallholder settings in countries such as Kenya and Nepal, and there are a whole variety of diseases that affect cattle and other small ruminants,” says Keith Sumption, executive secretary at the FAO’s European commission for the control of FMD.
He says: “There’s often extremely limited data available on the number of animals within a few kilometres, and one of the first questions in disease control operations is how many animals there are within 3km that need to be checked. With a drone in the sky for half an hour, you can probably say exactly where groups of animals are.”
27 Nov 2015 -
Mul- och klövsjuka i Europas närområde oroar
FAO European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-mouth disease, the EUFMD, warns Europe's chief veterinary officers of the alarming developments in foot-and-mouth disease in the immediate vicinity of Europe. EUFMD highlights three events that illustrate the complex situation. Foot and mouth disease is a dreaded and extremely contagious viral disease. It is characterized by painful blistering of the mouth ulcers, mouth boundary, and between the hooves of hoofed animals. The virus is found throughout the body of infected animals and is spread via respiratory, mucus and milk. The virus can also be spread airborne over several kilometers, as well as via meat and other animal products. The disease occurs in much of the world and controlled in endemic areas through vaccination. Foot-and-mouth disease virus are, however, in seven different types, so-called serotypes (O, A, C, ASIA 1, SAT 1, SAT2 and SAT3), between which the protective cross-immunity does not exist. Additionally, a large number of subtypes, known as topotypes, complicating both the vaccination program diagnostics. Foot and mouth disease does not occur today in Europe and the preventive use of vaccines is prohibited. The last major outbreak in the EU was in 2001. Then hit primarily in the UK with a total of 2,030 infected herds and over four million animals destroyed. The direct cost of the outbreak was estimated at three billion pounds.In recent years, the foot-and-mouth disease development in the immediate vicinity of Europe (mainly North Africa and Turkey), however, been alarming, with the outbreak of several topotypes and a non-negligible risk of spreading to southern Europe. The three events that are raised by the EUFMD deemed to have further worsened the situation. (...)
24 Aug 2015 -