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ARCHIVE LATEST ASF China situation update

22 February 2019, 14:00 hours; Rome

Disclaimer

Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

 

 Overview

Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up to 100% mortality.
Affected provinces:
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, and Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regions.
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Tuv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.

Viet Nam: Hung Yen and Thai Binh Provinces.

Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (August 2018 to date)

ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date, information source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China)
Click to enlarge - Information source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China.

 

 Situation update

China

Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, 108 ASF outbreaks detected in 27 Provinces/Autonomous Region / Municipalities. More than 950,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.

 

Shandong Province: ASF outbreak occurred on one farm with 4,504 pigs in Laiwu District, Jinan City; 17 pigs got sick, of which 3 died [reference].

 

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: ASF outbreak occurred on two farming communities with a total of 23,555 pigs in Yinhai District, Beihai City; 1,629 pigs got sick, of which 924 died [reference].

 

Yunnan Province: ASF outbreak occurred on one farm with 300 pigs in Lishui City, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture; 6 pigs got sick, of which 2 died [reference]

 

Mongolia

Since the Mongolia Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry reported the first ASF outbreak on 15 January 2019, ten ASF outbreaks were reported in six provinces (aimags); the virus was also detected in meat/meat product in Ulaanbaatar City. The outbreaks were in backyard setting; the authority culled all pigs and disinfected the affected areas. A strict movement control has been implemented in control zones restricting even human movement for 14 to 28 days.

 

Viet Nam

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its ASF outbreaks in its two northern provinces on 19 February 2019. The Prime Minister on the same day through Directive No.04/CT-TTg requested ministers, Heads of ministerial-level agencies, Government-attached agencies and Chairpersons of Provincial People's Committees and centrally administered cities to concentrate on directing and implementing synchronously and effectively, urgent measures to control ASF. Affected farms were depopulated, and a strict movement control has been implemented in the provinces; in other provinces a permit is required in moving animals.

 

Hung Yen Province: ASF outbreak occurred on 1 February in 1 household in Trung Nghia commune, Hung Yen City, and on 17 February in 1 household in Yen Hoa commune, Yen My District; a total of 134 pigs affected [reference].

 

Thai Binh Province: ASF outbreak occurred on 13 February in 6 households in Dong Do commune, Hung Ha district; a total of 123 pigs affected [reference].

 

Actions taken by China

 

The Government set a 3 km epidemic zone and a 10 km buffer zone around the epidemic zone. A strict movement control of live pigs was introduced, and live pig markets in infected provinces and adjacent provinces were closed [reference]. Studies showed that 62% of the first 21 ASF events in China were related to swill feeding. Directives on banning swill feeding to pigs and record keeping of livestock transportation vehicles was updated [reference]. Epidemiological studies of 68 outbreaks revealed 3 major causes spread ASF virus: 46% by vehicles and workers without disinfection, 34% by swill feeding, and 19% by transport of live pigs and their products across regions [reference]. As ASF was detected in a wild boar, MARA and Ministry of Natural Resources released a joint notice on “Strengthening the Joint Prevention and Control Work on ASF in domestic pigs and wild boars” [reference]. On 29 January 2019, MARA released the 2019 edition of the ‘ASF Epidemic Emergency Implementation Plan’ [reference].

 

On 15 February, three batches of frozen soup pork dumplings produced by Sanquan Company, Henan Province were suspected to be ASF virus nucleic acid positive, in the samples collected in Xiangxi City, Hunan Province and Jiuquan City, Gansu Province. The company has suspended the batch through all sales channels [reference]. In response to media reports on detection of ASF virus in pork products (dumplings), the State Administration for Market Regulation and MARA have required enterprises to immediately trace-back the source of raw material. The two ministries have sent a joint investigation team, required pork producers to further strengthen control and prevent contaminated pork raw materials from entering food processing [reference].

 

Taiwan POC detected ASF virus gene in dried pork produced in Jiangsu Province which arrived in Kaohsiung Airport from Hong Kong SAR on 25 January; pig head dumpling produced in Shantou City, Guangdong Province collected at Shuitou Pier, Kinmen County on 5 February; dried pork collected at Keelung Port from the Pingtan City, Fujian Province on 6 February; pork red sausage arrived in Taipei Songshan Airport from Fuzhou City, Fujian Province on 4 February [reference1, reference2].

Figure 1. Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China

Number of pigs transported across provincial boundary (blue) and wholesale pig and pork price/kg in China
Click to enlarge- Information source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China.

 

Table 1. List of affected cities in China since 3 August 2018

Province

Cities with affected areas

Last reported onset*

Heilongjiang

Jiamusi City

03/09/2018

Harbin City 14/11/2018
Heihe City 28/11/2018
Jixi City 16/12/2018
Suihua City 01/01/2019

Inner Mongolia

XilinGol League

15/09/2018

Xing’an League

17/09/2018

Hohhot City

22/09/2018

Baotou City

21/11/2018

Jilin

Siping City 17/09/2018
Songyuan City 28/09/2018
Yanbian Korean
Autonomous Prefecture
02/11/2018
Baishan City 16/11/2018

Liaoning

Shenyang City 07/09/2018
Yingkou City 07/10/2018
Anshan City 12/10/2018
Dalian City 09/10/2018
Jinzhou City 13/10/2018
Panjin City 15/10/2018
Tieling City 14/10/2018

Beijing

  04/12/2018

Tianjin

  26/11/2018

Shanxi

Datong City 16/10/2018
Taiyuan City 30/10/2018
Linyi City 06/12/2018
Jincheng City 27/12/2018

Shanghai

  15/11/2018

Jiangsu

Lianyungang City 15/08/2018
Wuxi City 29/08/2018
Suqian City 06/01/2019

Zhejiang

Wenzhou City 17/08/2018
Taizhou City 18/10/2018

Anhui

Wuhu City 31/08/2018
Xuancheng City 31/08/2018
Chuzhou City 02/09/2018
Tongling City 07/09/2018
Chizhou City 07/11/2018

Fujian

Putian City 06/11/2018
Sanming City 18/12/2018
Nanping City 22/12/2018

Jiangxi

Shangrao City 16/11/2018
Jiujiang City 29/11/2018

Shandong

Jinan City 20/02/2019

Henan

Zhengzhou City 14/08/2018
Xinxiang City 10/09/2018

Hubei

Huanggang City 12/11/2018
Huangshi City 22/11/2018

Hunan

Yiyang City 28/09/2018
Changde City 22/10/2018
Huaihua City 14/11/2018
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao
Autonomous Prefecture
31/10/2018
Loudi City 22/10/2018
Yongzhou City 08/02/2019

Guangdong

Zhuhai City 17/12/2018
Guangzhou City 21/12/2018
Huizhou City 23/12/2018

Guangxi

Beihai City 18/02/2019

Chongqing

  13/12/2018

Sichuan

Yibin City 13/11/2018
Chengdu City 13/11/2018
Luzhou City 27/11/2018
Bazhong City 06/12/2018
Mianyang City 12/12/2018

Guizhou

Bijie City 24/10/2018
Guiyang City 06/12/2018
Qiannan Buyei and Miao
Autonomous Prefecture
18/12/2018

Yunnan

Zhaotong City 09/11/2018
Pu'er City 27/10/2018
Kunming City 15/11/2018
Lishui City 21/02/2019

Shaanxi

Xi'an City 27/11/2018
Yulin City 03/12/2018

Ningxia

Yinchuan City 11/01/2019

Gansu

Qingyang City 13/01/2019
Lanzhou City 18/01/2019

Qinghai

Xining City 10/12/2018

* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date or reporting date was used.

 

 FAO’s recommendations

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Preparedness (e.g. contingency planning, standard operating procedures— SOPs, secured financial support) for improved early warning, detection and notification, early reaction, and coordination needs to be in place and reviewed periodically in relation to changing disease situation.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Good communication and coordination with swine producing commercial sector and swine famers are essential to strengthen cooperation in ASF prevention, detection, and control. Awareness and training of all stakeholders, from veterinarians to farmers, intermediaries and other value chain actors is needed.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Farm registries, animal identification and censuses are essential to enable animal health interventions.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.
  • Outbreak control strategies must be in place. The strategies need to be developed in consultation with the private sector (pig producers and allied industries, such as transport, feed operators) for improved disease management options and compliance.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management.

 FAO’s actions

  • FAO EMC-AH Emergency Response Mission to Mongolia was initiated this week to assess ASF situation in partnership with FAO Regional and Country Office, OIE, and the Government of Mongolia.
  • FAO ECTAD Myanmar is advising Veterinary Service on increased vigilance and PCR testing.
  • Forthcoming participation at International Symposium on ASF (Beijing, April 2019)
  • FAO and MARA jointly organized the Multilateral Cross-Border Meeting in Greater Mekong Subregion to Strengthen Collaboration of Transboundary Animal Disease Control in Beijing China, 22-24 November 2018 which included “African Swine Fever Emergency Preparedness training” for Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam and China [reference].
  • On 16 November, FAO-China, Chief/AGAH and CVO met with MARA Vice Minister and senior staff of Veterinary Bureau and China Animal Disease Control Center. A call for solidarity to address the expanding global threat of ASF to the G20 was suggested by Chinese officials [reference]. .
  • On 23 October, FAO Chief Veterinary Officer sent a message to CVOs of China and Southeast Asian Countries encouraging further preparedness and vigilance [reference].
  • FAO and MARA jointly held a Technical Consultation on ‘Application of Technology to Strengthen ASF Control through Rapid Detection and Response’ on 11-12 October 2018 in Beijing, China, with participants from Veterinary Bureau/MARA, China Animal Disease Control Center (CADC), China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (CAHEC) [reference].
  • FAO organized an “Emergency Regional Consultation on African Swine Fever on Risk Reduction and Preparedness” in Bangkok, September 2018 [reference].
  • FAO mission to Mongolia and China (April 2018) to explore opportunities in wild boar surveillance.
  • FAO publication on ASF spread in Asia (March 2018) and urged regional collaboration including  preparedness measures [reference].

Useful links

  • African swine fever (ASF) detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017) [English, Русский, 中文]
  • Regional strategy for the control of ASF in Africa (FAO, AU-IBAR and ILRI, 2017) [Link]
  • Manual on the preparation of African swine fever contingency plans (2001) [Link]
  • Rapid risk assessment of ASF introduction into China (Mar 2018) [Link]
  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials [Link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector (2010) [Link
  • ASF awareness video [Link]
  • OIE disease card [Link], OIE Manual (2012) [Link], OIE Code [Link], OIE weekly ASF situation reports [Link]
  • Global ASF Research Alliance [Link