Laboratory confirmation of a presumptive diagnosis of ASF depends upon
detection of the virus or detection of antibodies. Since most pigs die
of acute ASF before antibodies are produced, detection of the virus is
the most important method of diagnosis.
Detailed instructions for laboratory diagnostic procedures for ASF are
described in the OIE Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests. Where indicated,
they are reproduced in full in OIE laboratory
techniques. The following is a summary, with the emphasis on test
that are usually used.