20 January 2017 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) - ECTAD in Tanzania in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF) organized a training workshop on "Livestock Systems Characterization and Value-chain Analysis" in Arusha from 19th–22nd December 2016. The training program was organized in the framework of the FAO’s component of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Emerging Pandemic Threats phase 2 (EPT-2) Programme, which aims to strengthen the capacity of health systems for the prevention, detection and response of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases as well as priority endemic zoonotic diseases.
The training program benefited 37 key national stakeholders from MALF (at central, zonal and district levels), the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA), the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), Ngorongoro Conservation Authority (NCAA), the Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST) and FAO. The resource persons for the training program were drawn from MALF, NM-AIST and FAO (regional and country teams of ECTAD).
The overall objective of the training was to enhance knowledge of participants on the application of system characterization and value chain analysis in guiding risk-based disease surveillance and risk mitigation measures. The specific objectives of the training were to build capacity of participants on:
- Host Pathogen Environment (HPE) system characterization;
- Livestock production systems analysis at the wildlife – livestock – human interfaces and application of the approach in strengthening ‘One Health’ issues/threats;
- Livestock value chain analysis at the wildlife – livestock – human interfaces and application of the approach in the management of One-health issues/threats;
- Livestock marketing system analysis in relation to transmission and spread of infectious pathogens and;
- Social network analysis.
The training workshop was officially opened by Mr Aaron Luziga, the representative of the Director of the Animal production and Marketing (DPM), MALF. After thanking the participants and FAO, Mr Aaron Luziga acknowledged that the training program is timely, which will help to build the capacity of MALF and District officials on livestock systems characterization and value-chain analysis. As such, he urged the participants to benefit from the training program and apply the knowledge in their areas of operations to enable identification of high risk areas for possible emergence, transmission, spillover and persistence of infectious pathogens at the livestock – wildlife – human interfaces. Prior to the official opening of the training program, remarks were delivered by the representatives of the Director of Veterinary Services and the FAO Representative in the United Republic of Tanzania.
The workshop was conducted through presentations, group work and plenary discussions. The following technical presentations were deliberated and discussed:
- Overview of FAO’s component of the USAID EPT-2 in Tanzania and its implementation status;
- Overview on the epidemiology of filoviruses;
- Livestock systems and analysis;
- Livestock marketing profiling tool – How to map live animal markets;
- National Households Panel survey data: summary of livestock (including pigs) statistics;
- Informing Policy framework, National Households Panel survey data;
- Livestock Production Systems- the case of Range/Pastoral Production Systems;
- Value chain analysis from an animal health perspective;
- Host Pathogen Environment (HPE) System characterization;
- Status and implications of bush meat consumption and overview of the Bush Meat Project in Tanzania.
Following group work and productive discussions, the training was successfully completed with improved understanding and knowledge of participants in the following areas:
- Characterization of Host Pathogen Environment (HPE) System;
- Livestock production systems and value chain analysis at the wildlife – livestock – human interfaces;
- Livestock marketing system analysis in relation to transmission and spread of infectious pathogens;
- The drivers and scale of bush meat consumption and associated health risks.
Furthermore, considering the importance of animal production, farming system characterization and value chain analysis in risk mitigation and decision making, the participants came up with the following recommendations:
- MALF to streamline value chain analysis and systems characterization into the programming of disease prevention and control endeavours including guiding risk based disease surveillance and control interventions;
- FAO to continue provision of support for building the capacity of national stakeholders on livestock/ farming system characterization and value chain analysis;
- FAO to finalize the data collection tools taking into account the inputs provided during the training.