The Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) is a multilingual (available in English, French and Spanish), dynamic database-driven web-based information system supporting the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources.
The backbone of DAD-IS is the Global Databank on Animal Genetic Resources, in which countries record data on their livestock breeds, including data on the size and structure of breed populations. Data are entered into the system by National Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources, who are officially nominated by their governments. Countries take full responsibility for the completeness and quality of the data entered. More than 14 000 national breed populations (representing more than 8 000 breeds) from 182 countries are recorded.
DAD-IS is the centre of an expandable global network of information systems that exchange breed-related data. A regional system (the European Farm Animal Diversity Information System – EFABIS) has been established in Europe and national systems have been established in a number of European countries.
Data from DAD-IS have for many years been used as a basis for reporting on the global status and trends of animal genetic resources – three editions of the World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (1993,1995, 2000), The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (2007) and biennial status and trends reports (2008, 2010, 2012) produced for the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. A set of indicators for monitoring the status of the world’s animal genetic resources, to be based on data from DAD-IS, has been developed.
In addition to the breed databank itself, DAD-IS features a library of full-text publications and links to other web-based resources, a number of tools for analysing breed population data, news on events and developments in animal genetic resources management, and the contact details of National and Regional Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources. Further information on how to use the system can be found in the DAD-IS manual.