EMPLOYMENT GENERATION THROUGH
SMALL-SCALE DAIRY MARKETING
AND PROCESSING

EXPERIENCES FROM KENYA,
BANGLADESH AND GHANA
 
 

A joint study by the ILRI
Market-oriented Smallholder Dairy Project
and the FAO
Animal Production and Health Division
 


Food and Agriculture
Organisation of the
United Nations

A. Omore, J. Cheng'ole Mulindo, S.M. Fakhrul Islam,
G. Nurah, M. I. Khan, S.J. Staal* and B.T. Dugdill*

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Viale Delle Terme Di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy
*Corresponding author, Brian.Dugdill@fao.org

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
P.O Box 30709Nairobi, Kenya
*Corresponding author, s.staal@cgiar.org

Rome/Nairobi, December 2001
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EMPLOYMENT IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Conceptual framework for employment generation
1.3 Approach to analysis of employment generation
2. DESCRIPTION OF SMALL-SCALE DAIRY MARKETING AND PROCESSING ENTERPRISES
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Types of small-scale dairy marketing and processing businesses
2.2.1 Kenya
2.2.1.1 Mobile milk traders
2.2.1.2 Milk bars and shops/kiosks
2.2.1.3 Small processors
2.2.2 Bangladesh
2.2.2.1 The "Gowalas"
2.2.2.2 The broker or "Aratdar"
2.2.2.3 Small processors
2.2.3 Ghana
2.2.3.1 Assemblers
2.2.3.2 Small processors
2.2.3.3 Retailers
3. SYSNTHESIS OF THE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FROM SMALL-SCALE DAIRY MARKETING
and Processing
3.1 Dairy related off-farm employment in Kenya
3.2 Dairy related off-farm employment in Bangladesh 
3.3 Dairy related employment in Ghana
3.4 Trader budgets
3.5 Constraints
3.6 Relationships between milk products, wages and numbers of 
employees
4. Policy measures to enhance rural employment through small-scale dairy 
processing and marketing
4.1 Policy interventions
4.2 Institutional and programmatic interventions, FAO and others
4.3 Conclusions
5. Acknowledgements
6. References

 
 
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