Country: Mexico

Date: August, 2000

Demonstrator/trainer: Prof. C. Fabra, Dr. Ponce, National Centre for Plant and Animal Health, CENSA, Cuba, for FAO

National counterpart organisations: Secretariats of Agriculture from the three states.

Type of demonstration: Zonal workshops and conferences.

Locations: States of Veracruz, Guanajuato and Hidalgo six zonal demonstrations.

Sector descriptor: Mexico produces about 8.3 million litres of milk per year. 40% is estimated to be collected without refrigeration. There is a strong tradition of cheese making and other dairy products at small-scale and particularly in rural areas. The state of Guanajuato produces 7% of the total milk production (about 595,000 litres yearly), Veracruz produces more than 600,000 litres/year but in dual purpose systems in a tropical climate and Hidalgo around 300,000 litres (in total 1.5 million L/year, 17% of the total in the country). The characteristics of the dairy exploitation systems are very variable and include three very different production areas:

  1. Hot milk in tropical zones (Veracruz).
  2. Cooled and hot milk, with seasonal temperature variations and systems from very advanced to very basic ones (Guanajuato).
  3. Milk from a specialized region and low temperatures (Hidalgo), but with variations in the development of the management systems.

Type of raw milk treated (bovine)

LP-s sample

Control sample

Quantity (L)

50-500

50

Ambient Temperature

33.5

33.5

Time interval, treatment to testing (8 hrs)

pH

n/a

n/a

Acidity

Normal

Soured

Government bodies consulted: Directorate of Consumables, Directorate of Foods, National Milk Council, Secretariat of Agriculture, Directorate of Cattle Raising in Mexico

Private processors/groups consulted: Saint Andrew Dairy, private farmers and farmers groups in the three zones.

Development partners consulted: Council for the regional Development of Laja-Bajio. Regional Cattle Unions of Veracruz, Hidalgo and Guanajuato.

Key Questions/Feedback:

Follow-up: Government permission/licencing of the system is to be shortly provided by the Secretariat of Agriculture (Directorate of Program Evaluation)