In one of the identified pilot PIA i.e. Devarkonda mandal of Mahboobnagar Dist under DASM, NGO’s three days training for 35 SHG leaders under taken in Sanjiveeni charitable trust a resource center (R.C.) having necessary infrastructure for training running industrial training institute and other activities. Selected SHG leader train by RP, participants requested to tell their problem with rearing village desi chicken. Participants belong to near by villages 10 to 12 km radius from RC all of them are group leader having desi chicken at home. Problem first identified like,
1) High mortality in desi chicken
2) Low productivity lay 50 to 60 eggs in a year.
3) Chances of theft, accidents are more
4) Supply of vaccine regularly in Rural areas very negligible
5) Govt Veterinary dispensery fully not equipped to deal with poultry diseases
6) Lack of knowledge of feed ingredients locally available, managemental practices not know
7) Training programmed for poultry keeping under taken by livestock department once in a while without sufficient information and no follow up.
8) Eggs and chicken farms situated in rural areas are discouraging or depopulating desi chicken
9) None accessibility to purchase eggs and chicken from commercial farms in retail results more cost than urban areas.
10) Like cattle service worker or shepherds training centre in village livestock center one poultry health worker needed for 10 to 12 villages.
Desi birds rearing is an integrated component of village women and culturally accepted and at any cost she/he do not want to stop but need solution of above mention problem permenantly. Basic concept of training was “Participatory training”. Solution of each problem was deliver suited to rural management. 50 day old male commercial chicks was kept in training programmed apart from all necessary equipment and each participants allow to learn about equipment, Vaccination procedure, Debarking when and how, merits and demerits feeding watering, Brooding procedure.
20 progressive, attentive, with little education was identify during the training and further trains by RC on vaccination, medication and feed manufacturing techniques.
Mini Modern Cross Breed Commercial Layer farming
1050 day old commercial layer chicks breed BV 300 Placed in resourced center and rear up to 16 week in RC idea behind rearing in RC
1) Management aspect.
2) Vaccination schedule
3) New Concept and rearing 50 birds individually women’s was not fully equipped in terms of management practices.
4) To minimize the cost of production (Growing).
Brooding management, Lighting, Vaccination, Medication, Debarking, Deworming, Body weight control, Feeding schedule during growing period done by SHG in presence of RC. Initially for six weeks chicks mash feed purchase from market after that growing feed manufacture in RC as per formulation suggested by RP with locally available raw material. Growing mortality 1.8% with in standard body weight 92% uniformity at the end of 16 week After competition of 16 weeks 50 birds distributed each individual women selected by DCBC/NGO’s. Total cost of growing period equally divided in 50 women’s. Birds at the start of 17 weeks shifted to cages for laying. Each cage accommodates 5 birds standard cage size suggested by RP. Even 5,10,15 birds can be kept, keeping in view the local consumption demand that is main criteria for successful implementation
Women found rearing 50 birds in cages is easy job than deep litter, hardly 1 hour in a day they spend on 50 birds for feeding, Watering, Collection of Eggs and cleaning. For 50 birds keeping on deep litter required 100 sq ft constructed shed not possible with poor as they don’t have place to live. Cages 10 can be kept outside the house under shelter with 4 to 5 feet space apart from this other advantages.
1) Easy to manage, Feed, Water and collection of eggs.
2) Clean eggs no breakage.
3) Litter born diseases almost negligible.
4) Deworming not require
5) Theft, accident incidences nil
6) Light requirement less than deep litter one bulb of 100 watts sufficient
7) Feed consumption less saving, on feed waste of feed
8) Cost of shed construction almost nil only a thatched shelter
9) Cull, sick birds easily identify
10) More eggs per hen compare to deep litter