Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

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Flavouring Formic acid
Synonym(s) -
Latest JECFA evaluation 2000 (Session 55)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Formic acid
JECFA number 79
CAS number 64-18-6  
FEMA number 2487
COE number 1
FLAVIS number -
Molecular weight 46.03 
Chemical formula CH2O2  
Physical form/odour colourless, highly corrosive liquid/characteristic pungent odour 
Solubility miscible with water, alcohol, glycerin, ether 
Solubility in ethanol -
Boiling point (°C) 101°
Assay min % 95%
Acid value max -
Refractive index 1.366-1.376
Specific gravity 1.2
Other requirements Acetic acid: < 0.4%; Dilution Test: passes test; Heavy Metals: < 10 mg/kg; Sulfate: <0.004%
ID Test IR