| Box 3.4 The Supak system in the Philippines
The method of forced feeding of leucaena, or the "supak system", is a way of fattening cattle. The purpose is to fatten cattle to slaughter weight more quickly and thereby gain access to higher value markets.
This is predominantly practised in Batangas, Philippines but has been
disseminated and used in other provinces, as well. The practice calls
for the use of a bamboo tube (other farmers use PVC pipe), pail or similar
container, chopped leucaena, concentrates like rice bran or copra meal,
salt and molasses. The rice bran or copra meal, salt, molasses and chopped
leucaena are mixed together in a pail or similar container. The mixture
is prepared in slurry or pre-liquid form and then forced fed using a
bamboo tube. The forced feeding method is merely feed supplementation
which enhances the voluntary feed intake of the animal, particularly
that of the fibrous basal feed.
Source: Elaine F. Lanting, Livestock Research Division, PCARRRD, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines