Public sector support for inclusive agribusiness development
The agrifood system is changing rapidly in response to agricultural modernization and shifting consumer and societal demands for safer, better-quality and more convenient food. This new scenario coexists with more traditional types of family and subsistence farming.
This changing environment places increased pressure on Ministries of Agriculture (MOAs) in developing countries to engage in agribusiness and agro-industry development. For this reason, over the past decade, many MOAs have established agribusiness units with technical, policy and coordination functions. To perform well, these units should be given clear mandates and sufficient financial resources and qualified staff familiar with current agribusiness developments, such as value chain programmes, climate-smart agriculture, contract farming and public–private partnerships. However, this ideal scenario rarely occurs. A change in the mind-set of MOA staff is required to move beyond the traditional focus on production towards a more holistic, farm-to-fork approach that includes post-production issues; and this might prove to be quite a challenge.
To shed light on the role, performance and empowerment of these agribusiness units, FAO conducted a scoping survey of 71 countries and in-depth analyses of 21 case studies from Africa, Asia and Latin America. The primary objective was to draw lessons that can provide guidance to member countries on how to establish and operate well-performing agribusiness units. The outcome is presented in this series of country case studies, which contribute to enriching knowledge and sharing information on institutional responses for enhancing the public commitment to inclusive agribusiness and agro-industrial growth and job creation.
Agribusiness public-private partnerships country case studies
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are being promoted as an important institutional mechanism for gaining access to additional financial resources, sharing risks, and addressing other constraints in pursuit of sustainable and inclusive agricultural development.
In 2010, FAO Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division (AGS) initiated a series of appraisals of PPPs implemented in 15 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The primary objective was to draw lessons that can be used to provide guidance to FAO member countries on how to partner effectively with the private sector to mobilize support for agribusiness development. Seventy individual case studies of PPPs have been profiled and details provided on the circumstances that led to their formation, management and performance to date. Particular attention was given to the identification of specific roles and functions for each of the partners, including roles in governance, implementation and monitoring. Key results of the study include identification of the factors that influence success or failure in the development and implementation of PPPs, and best practices for creating an enabling environment for increased investment in agriculture through the PPP mechanism.
Through this special Country Case Studies series on agribusiness PPPs, AGS is sharing the individual cases that were taken as a basis for the global appraisal of PPPs. We hope that this information can constitute a contribution to enriching knowledge on PPP mechanisms for informed decision making on investment for agri-food sector development.
The case studies are made available in electronic format only (.pdf). The views expressed in the cases reflect those of the authors, which are not necessarily the ones of FAO or the Editors.
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Four case studies on credit guarantee funds for agriculture
This publication (available in .pdf only) is an in-depth analysis of different models of guarantee system. An assessment of these cases, together with a review of the global industry of agricultural guarantee systems, was published as Credit guarantee systems for agriculture and rural enterprise development. The four case studies in this document provide the reader with a more detailed description of how these individual programmes have worked over time. Three of the programmes are among the largest and longest standing agricultural guarantee funds in the world, and have had both successful and difficult experiences as they evolve over time. The fourth case, from Estonia, shows how a small, efficient guarantee fund can operate profitably year after year.