Records: 269
We use a gendered dynamic CGE model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in a low-income, land-abundant setting. Mozambique is chosen as a representative case. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha feedstock for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels investments accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, [...]
Organization: University of Copenhagen,The World Bank, United Nations University’s, World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki, Finland
Year: 2001
The enforcement of contracts is necessary for efficient exchange and investment in economic activities. Contracts can be enforced through a variety of mechanisms, both public and private. However, in many developing and transitional countries these public institutions are either absent or ineffective in ensuring contract enforcement. Under such conditions, private [...]
Organization: University of Illinois, Cornell University, Catholic University of Leuven
Year: 2000
A perceived change in the organizational focus of American agriculture has given rise to the increased use of the term industrialization. Essentially, this change is viewed as a movement from a homogeneous commodity system to one emphasizing product differentiation (Urban, (1991)). Movement toward increased product differentiation is associated with [...]
Organization: University of California, Davis
Year: 2000
We define contract farming as an agreement between legally independent firms for the production of a commodity for a future market. Analyzing contract farming and the intensity (quality) of contracts is as important as the extent of the contractual arrangements. Current publications do not sufficiently distinguish between contracts, which have [...]
Organization: Department of Agricultural Economics, Kiel, Germany
Year: 2000
This paper reviews the experience of contract farming and outgrower schemes for five agricultural tree crops: cocoa, rubber, palm oil, coffee and tea. The primary objective of the paper is to draw lessons from this experience to inform similar schemes with tree crops. Based on a review of the literature, [...]
Year: 2000
Organization: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, USA
Year: 2000
This study has five chapters. Chapter one serves as an introduction. Chapter 2 presents a short review of integration, vertical coordination concepts, vertical coordination theories and contract farming. The general overview of food industries and rather detailed information about contract farming both in Turkey and the USA are presented in [...]
Organization: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, Turkey
Year: 2000
When the Thai agriculture has gradually changed from export of raw materials to export of more value added goods through the development of agroindustries since the Sixth National Economic and Social Development Plan, contract farming is seen as a promising means of achieving fair benefit for both farmer producers and [...]
Organization: Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Year: 1999
This paper demonstrates how contract farming functions as an economic institution and explores the causes of the observed variation in the scale of outgrower production in Latin America. We outline how market imperfections and transaction costs influence the decision of agroprocessing firms to contract-out, vertically integrate, or use spot markets [...]
Organization: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Year: 1999
Structuring contracts to share risk in light of incentiove problems is the central premise of contract theory , yet the risk sharing implications have rarely been thoroughly tested using micro-leve contract data. In this article we test the major implication of a principal-agent model of contracts using detailed data on [...]
Organization: Simon Fraser University, Montana State University
Year: 1999