Records: 282
In the last ten years the seed and pesticide industries have undergone a substantial number of structural changes. These changes are due to a number of factors, some of which are common to all industries and some of which are specifically tied to the biotechnology that is increasingly important in [...]
Organization: University of Saskatchewan & University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Year: 2001
This paper examines how the contracting of French beans has engendered conflict over rights, obligations and resources in Meru District, Kenya. In response to pressure for agricultural diversification and the expanding European market for "gourmet" vegetables, horticulture, the historical domain of women, has been rapidly intensified, commoditized and in many [...]
Organization: School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich
Year: 2001
We use a gendered dynamic CGE model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in a low-income, land-abundant setting. Mozambique is chosen as a representative case. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha feedstock for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels investments accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, [...]
Organization: University of Copenhagen,The World Bank, United Nations University’s, World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki, Finland
Year: 2001
This study has five chapters. Chapter one serves as an introduction. Chapter 2 presents a short review of integration, vertical coordination concepts, vertical coordination theories and contract farming. The general overview of food industries and rather detailed information about contract farming both in Turkey and the USA are presented in [...]
Organization: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, Turkey
Year: 2000
The enforcement of contracts is necessary for efficient exchange and investment in economic activities. Contracts can be enforced through a variety of mechanisms, both public and private. However, in many developing and transitional countries these public institutions are either absent or ineffective in ensuring contract enforcement. Under such conditions, private [...]
Organization: University of Illinois, Cornell University, Catholic University of Leuven
Year: 2000
A perceived change in the organizational focus of American agriculture has given rise to the increased use of the term industrialization. Essentially, this change is viewed as a movement from a homogeneous commodity system to one emphasizing product differentiation (Urban, (1991)). Movement toward increased product differentiation is associated with [...]
Organization: University of California, Davis
Year: 2000
We define contract farming as an agreement between legally independent firms for the production of a commodity for a future market. Analyzing contract farming and the intensity (quality) of contracts is as important as the extent of the contractual arrangements. Current publications do not sufficiently distinguish between contracts, which have [...]
Organization: Department of Agricultural Economics, Kiel, Germany
Year: 2000
This paper reviews the experience of contract farming and outgrower schemes for five agricultural tree crops: cocoa, rubber, palm oil, coffee and tea. The primary objective of the paper is to draw lessons from this experience to inform similar schemes with tree crops. Based on a review of the literature, [...]
Year: 2000
Organization: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, USA
Year: 2000
When the Thai agriculture has gradually changed from export of raw materials to export of more value added goods through the development of agroindustries since the Sixth National Economic and Social Development Plan, contract farming is seen as a promising means of achieving fair benefit for both farmer producers and [...]
Organization: Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Year: 1999