Biblioteca

Records: 287
A perceived change in the organizational focus of American agriculture has given rise to the increased use of the term industrialization. Essentially, this change is viewed as a movement from a homogeneous commodity system to one emphasizing product differentiation (Urban, (1991)). Movement toward increased product differentiation is associated with [...]
Organización: University of California, Davis
Ano: 2000
We define contract farming as an agreement between legally independent firms for the production of a commodity for a future market. Analyzing contract farming and the intensity (quality) of contracts is as important as the extent of the contractual arrangements. Current publications do not sufficiently distinguish between contracts, which have [...]
Organización: Department of Agricultural Economics, Kiel, Germany
Ano: 2000
This paper reviews the experience of contract farming and outgrower schemes for five agricultural tree crops: cocoa, rubber, palm oil, coffee and tea. The primary objective of the paper is to draw lessons from this experience to inform similar schemes with tree crops. Based on a review of the literature, [...]
Organización:
Ano: 2000
Organización: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, USA
Ano: 2000
When the Thai agriculture has gradually changed from export of raw materials to export of more value added goods through the development of agroindustries since the Sixth National Economic and Social Development Plan, contract farming is seen as a promising means of achieving fair benefit for both farmer producers and [...]
Organización: Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Ano: 1999
This paper demonstrates how contract farming functions as an economic institution and explores the causes of the observed variation in the scale of outgrower production in Latin America. We outline how market imperfections and transaction costs influence the decision of agroprocessing firms to contract-out, vertically integrate, or use spot markets [...]
Organización: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Ano: 1999
The marriage of contract farming and farmer cooperation has the potential for increasing access to new market opportunities and services required to support smallholder intensification. Cooperation often works best where farmer groups are contractually linked to input and output markets. However, there are some constraints to the development of [...]
Organización: Overseas Development Institute
Ano: 1999
Structuring contracts to share risk in light of incentiove problems is the central premise of contract theory , yet the risk sharing implications have rarely been thoroughly tested using micro-leve contract data. In this article we test the major implication of a principal-agent model of contracts using detailed data on [...]
Organización: Simon Fraser University, Montana State University
Ano: 1999
It has been widely argued recently that agriculture is undergoing a process of vertical integration with allied industries. One of the worldwide ways of vertical integration in agriculture is contract farming. Contract farming is a continually evolving process. Worldwide applications of contract farming have shown that the terms of contracts [...]
Organización: Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, Turkey
Ano: 1998
In this paper, the restructuring of the seed and chemical industries is discussed. Impacts on the herbicide and insecticide markets are detailed, along with the contractual relationships between biotechnology seed suppliers and farmers. Antitrust issues raised by the recent wave of merger and acquisition activity and intellectual property rights issues [...]
Organización: Iowa State University
Ano: 1998