Bibliothèque

Records: 280
This paper is an empirical analysis of the impact of a contract-farming program in Senegal. We examine the access of poorer community members to contracts and the effect of the program on the income of participants. The program performs very well on both counts: participants and nonparticipants are indistinguishable by [...]
Organisation: University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington
Année: 2002
This study analyzes the intersection of gender and production relations in small-scale contracting in nontraditional agriculture. The case of the processing tomato industry in the Dominican Republic exemplifies patterns found throughout the region. Building on a critique of unitary household models, I analyze the gendered relations mobilizing resources for contract [...]
Organisation: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA
Année: 2002
Real contracts balance a number of conflicting objectives that characterise the contracting situation. Contract theory provides useful insights but the formal models used in theoretical analysis tend to focus on a few effects in stylised environments. The risk of a partial approach is that while improving one aspect of a [...]
Organisation: Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Année: 2002
An agency model of contracts used in California's processing-tomato industry is estimated in three stages. We first estimate growers' stochastic production possibilities, and then, for a given vector of preference parameters, compute an optimal compensation schedule. Finally, we compare computed compensations with actual compensations and choose preference parameters to minimise [...]
Organisation:
Année: 2002
This paper examines the rationale, practice, and problems of contract farming in vegetable crops in the agriculturally developed Indian Punjab which has faced the problem of sustainability of growth since the early 1980s. It is found that agribusiness firms deal with relatively large producers and their contracts, which are [...]
Organisation: Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Gujarat, India
Année: 2002
This paper has three components. The first part argues that weather risk causes substantial inefficiencies in developing countries; agri-businesses, faced with underdeveloped formal financial markets, have to rely on traditional WRM that is associated with underinvestment and overdiversification. We discuss how new WRM can overcome the pitfalls of traditional WRM [...]
Organisation: IFC, World Bank, Procom Agr
Année: 2002
This article examines a new role for contract farming in developing countries in the light of the industrialisation of agriculture and the globalisation of world markets. A theoretical rationale for contracting in developing countries is developed on the basis of adopting new institutional economic theory for the purpose of matching [...]
Organisation:
Année: 2002
This article examines the social effects of contract farming of export horticulture among smallholders in Meru District, Kenya. During the 1980s and 1990s, contracting was popularized by donors and governments alike as a way to reduce poverty and increase opportunities for self–employment in rural areas. Considerable research has documented the [...]
Organisation: Institute of Social Studies
Année: 2002
In the last ten years the seed and pesticide industries have undergone a substantial number of structural changes. These changes are due to a number of factors, some of which are common to all industries and some of which are specifically tied to the biotechnology that is increasingly important in [...]
Organisation: University of Saskatchewan & University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Année: 2001
This article examiens how the contracting of French beans has engendered conflict over rights, obligations and resources in Meru District, Kenya. In response to pressure for agricultural diversification and the expanding European market for 'gourmet' vegetables, horticulture, the hositorical domain of women, has been rapidly intersified, commoditised and in many [...]
Organisation: University of East Anglia
Année: 2001