Institutional procurement

Institutional procurement programmes (IPPs) have the potential to offer close-to-home and long term formal markets for smallholders. Institutional buyers typically refers to schools, food reserves, hospitals and food aid organizations.


Case studies on institutional procurement programmes 

The Rural-Infraestructure and Agro-Industries Division (AGS), in collaboration with the World Food Programme (WFP) conducted a series of case studies on institutional procurement programmes with the Purchase for Progress (P4P) initiative as an entry point.

The objective of case studies is to improve understanding of the role of the P4P initiative and other IPPs models such as national school feeding programmes and food reserves, within the overall framework of inclusive food systems. The cases include assessments of the sustainability of these models, main challenges and policy recommendations for scaling-up and replication. 

The series of case studies cover: Ghana, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kenya, Rwanda and United Republic of Tanzania. The analysis is based on a number of scoping missions that took place between October 2012 and February 2013 and secondary information collected afterwards.

The series also include a case study on the Brazilian experience and its two IPPs:  PAA (Food Procurement programme) and PNAE (National School Feeding Programme). This FAO study provides valuable lessons and comparative elements for a better understanding of IPPs.

Together, these case studies constitute background papers for AGS forthcoming publication comparing the P4P across countries with both Brazilian programmes, identifying lessons learned and offering policy guidance for upscaling and replication.


Brazil (English) - Brazil (Spanish)

El Salvador






United Republic of Tanzania




Contact: Siobhan Kelly, Agribusiness Economist, Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries division (