Government agencies deliver public goods and services that promote growth, employment and create an enabling environment for private sector investment. In ACP regions, where poverty eradication and food security are a priority, the Ministry of Agriculture is a major player in providing services that address these challenges. One of the key issues is the transition from subsistence to commercial agriculture. Government agencies are responsible for research to increase agricultural productivity, support market access and disseminate knowledge to farmers through extension agents and in the-field-training.
Producer & Commodity Association
Producer organizations advocate for and represent the interests of farmers by organizing their members. The organizations can assist their members to access profitable markets, voicing their common concerns, negotiating contracts and providing a range of support services such as technical advice, access to credit, cheaper inputs through organizing bulk buying of inputs, and storage facilities.
Commodity associations support specific value chains. They comprise farmers, manufacturers, input suppliers, traders etc. of a particular value chain. Apart from influencing sector specific policies and coordinating chain stakeholders, they can help improve market linkages by facilitating direct contact between farmers, agribusinesses and retailers.
The private sector comprises enterprises including small farmers and all those engaged in market activities, such as traders, which are not part of the government or civil society and are driven by some form of profit motive. In many countries, agricultural are the backbone of the economy, driving economic growth, and creating incomes and employment opportunities.
Regional organizations include regional economic communities (RECs) and farmer organizations. RECs focus on economic and trade issues, which go beyond national interests as well as political, social and environmental issues. Addressing trade and infrastructure problems that restrict commerce between nations, is a particularly important function, as well as facilitating exchange of knowledge and collaborating in research.
Regional farmer organizations network national associations and advocate on behalf of agricultural producers in their regions.
Development partners comprise bilaterial and multilateral donors, international financial institutions, technical agencies including the United Nations and research organizations. Although each may have a different and specific sectoral or thematic focus, they invariably support socially, economically and environmentally sustainable development.
NGOs and CSOs
Non-governmental and civil society organizations (NGOs & CSOs) are non-profit bodies operating on a local, national or international scale, organized outside political structures. By following particular socio-economic objectives or serving specific constituencies, such as helping rural people in developing countries to build businesses that create income, jobs and sustainable livelihoods for their families, NGOs & CSOs function as intermediaries between citizens and government.