Capacity building for nutrition education
China School Nutrition Project
Title: WHO/China School Nutrition Project
As part of its technical assistance to the Government of China in the promotion of health-promoting schools (HPS), the Health Education and Health Promotion Unit of WHO collaborated with FAO in six pilot schools of the Zhejiang Province in the development of HPS with a focus on nutrition. FAO provided technical assistance in the field of nutrition education (curriculum and material development), capacity building among local education, nutrition and health professionals, as well as in project design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation.
To contribute to the improvement of the nutrition and health status of students in the project schools through health and nutrition interventions;
To develop a model project for nutrition interventions as an entry point for the development of health promoting schools, which can be replicated by other schools in China.
Main actors in the implementation:
Students and teachers of six selected pilot schools
Staff of local health and education service providers and governmental institutions (Health Education Institute of Zhejiang Province;
Center of Disease Control and Prevention; Provincial Bureau of Education);
National health, nutrition and education experts;
international experts from WHO, EDC and FAO
Materials and activities:
Advocacy on the concept and implementation of Health Promoting Schools (HPS)
Training of all stakeholders in the promotion and improvement of nutrition within HPS, as well as general project planning, implementation and evaluation
Improvements of nutrition and health was pursued through a wide variety of activities, employing different communication channels, including outreach to families and the community
Site visits with students (e.g. to "City Lunch Kitchen")
Development and preparation of nutritious meals in schools;
Development of school Web pages.
Surveys in the community; "open school days"; "parents' school"
Schools had developed and implemented a wide range of nutrition education and other health promoting activities.
Significant improvements in a number of the studied variables, regarding nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices
SUCCESS FACTORS /STRENGTHS
Good and supportive school management (leadership)
Government support and adequate funding
Collaboration of schools with the municipality and with health care providers
Giving students a role in communication with parents and the wider community
Using interactive approaches and encouraging active roles for students and teachers
Involving students in all phases of menu planning
Applying creativity and imagination in recipe selection, meal presentation and accompanying information campaign.
Making use of positive peer influence
Integrating nutrition into other school subjects
Plans and standards
Good standard of school facilities, equipment, etc
Clear and detailed programme and work plan set by the school management
Materials and activities
Producing a variety of own materials on food, nutrition and health
A wide spectrum of activities, involving many different communication channels for teaching, and outreach to families and the community.
Site visits with students
Development and preparation of nutritious meals
School Web pages
Surveys in the community; open school days; “parent’s school”
Resources (incl. time and materials)
Burden on individual teachers can be considerable
Lack of written teaching/learning material
Insufficient integration of nutrition eduction into regular curriculum
Training and outreach
Teachers need up-to-date nutrition training prior to their project involvement.
Training of students and teachers needs to be simultaneous and ongoing.
Limited nutrition knowledge and inappropriate attitudes among general population
Overwhelming need for health and nutrition information in families and community which schools alone cannot satisfy.
Need for outreach to families and communities.