In September, the locust situation was calm in all Caucasian and Central Asian (CCA) countries as adults were progressively disappearing. Italian Locust (CIT) mating and egg-laying were still observed in Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. No control operations were carried out and no further locust development is expected this year. Egg-pod surveys will continue at least in October to assess the stock overwintering eggs.
RECENT TRENDS (from 2006)
Over the past five years, an important trend in the five Central Asian countries is the increase of locust infested areas: they went up from 2,5 million ha in 2006 to 3.9 million ha in 2011, thus representing an increase of 54%, after a peak reaching 4,6 million ha in 2010. Similar trends exist in the adjacent countries, i.e. Afghanistan and the Russian Federation, as well as in Azerbaijan.
The below tables present the surveyed, infested and treated areas (in hectares) from 2005 to 2013 in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan), Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) and CCA adjacent areas (Afghanistan and Russian Federation).
1. Surveyed areas (ha)
2. Infested areas (ha)
3. Treated areas (ha)
Sources: Filled-in questionnaires sent back by countries in 2008-09 and information collected during the Regional Consultation on Locust Management in CCA (Kazakhstan in October 2009) and the annual Technical Workshops on Locusts in CCA (from 2010 to 2013).