In July, Moroccan Locust (DMA) adults only were present in Central Asian countries as well as in Azerbaijan. Limited control operations were carried out (on less than 10 000 ha) and egg-laying surveys were in progress. Italian Locust (CIT) hopper development was in progress in Armenia while fledging occurred almost everywhere in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The situation continued to be considered as serious in Georgia, Kazakhstan and Russia. Asian Migratory Locust (LMI) fledged in Kazakhstan, Russia and Uzbekistan; in Russia, an outbreak developed and adults formed swarms, some of them reaching Azerbaijan in mid-July, when strong northerly winds blew. Control operations against the three locust pests and against grasshoppers continued in all CCA countries, where more than 1.14 million hectares have been treated. Since the beginning of the 2015 anti-locust campaign, locust infestations have been controlled on more than 4.8 million ha in Caucasus and Central Asia.
RECENT TRENDS (from 2006)
The below tables present the surveyed, infested and treated areas (in hectares) from 2005 to 2014 in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan), Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) and CCA adjacent areas (Afghanistan and Russian Federation).
1. Surveyed areas (ha)
2. Infested areas (ha)
3. Treated areas (ha)
Sources: Filled-in questionnaires sent back by countries in 2008-09 and information collected during the Regional Consultation on Locust Management in CCA (Kazakhstan in October 2009) and the annual Technical Workshops on Locusts in CCA (from 2010 to 2014).