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NEEDS ASSESSMENT

COUNTRY PROFILES

Indonesia

Maldives

Seychelles

Sri Lanka

Thailand

TOPICS

Land assessment

Type of Damage

Damage classification

Salinity

Salinity Recovery

Impacts of subsidence on coastal areas

Crops

Livestock

Damage and recovery capacity

Tsunami in perspective

LAND ASSESSMENT

The coastal areas of the Region affected by the tsunami present highly diversified human activities, from inland fresh water rice-based systems and wetlands to mangrove and coastal strips used primarily for fishing.

Much irrigation (mainly rice) is practised in the coastal low-lying areas where drainage is often difficult due to lack of slope. Assessment of the impacts of the tsunami address the damage by flooding (duration), erosion, scouring, deposition and salinity in these fragile tropical agro-ecosystems.

Machilipatnam area, Andhra Pradesh. 18 Dec (left) and 27 Dec (right)


Focus of assessments

Assessment of the land and water resources and agriculture-related damages

Classification and mapping of the different types, extent and severity of damages

Identification and prioritisation of the types of rehabilitation/intervention (short, medium and long term)

Salinity assessment and monitoring

Estimates of the costs of the proposed rehabilitation/interventions

Information & communication

National and regional assessments as basis for integrated frameworks for action.

 contact: tsunami@fao.org

© FAO, 2005