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NEEDS ASSESSMENT

COUNTRY PROFILES

Indonesia

Maldives

Seychelles

Sri Lanka

Thailand

TOPICS

Land assessment

Type of Damage

Damage classification

Salinity

Salinity Recovery

Impacts of subsidence on coastal areas

Crops

Livestock

Damage and recovery capacity

Tsunami in perspective

ASSESSING THE TYPES OF DAMAGE

Physical damage and destruction

Siltation and levelling of fields, destruction of water reservoirs, bunds and dykes;

Destruction of irrigation and drainage facilities;

Destruction of water streams/linkages to the sea and of protection infrastructure against sea/salt intrusion;

Saline water infiltration in flooded non drained area (where sea water has been trapped);

Saline sediment deposition in some areas and deposition of deep layers of infertile sediments possibly leading to new problems of water logging and salinity.


Loss of water resources

Contamination of domestic water supply (wells) by salt water, from dead bodies and polluted from disruption of chemical container or other infrastructure

High perturbation or destruction of lagoon systems (physical linkage to the sea and chemical water balance)

Coastal deforestation and related risks for erosion

Loss of farming capital

Loss of productive lands due to massive erosion/scouring

Loss of draft animals, mainly buffalos, and small livestock

Loss of hand tools and other implements

Loss of human capacity

Losses in short and long-term human/managerial capacities to cope with agriculture activities, with planning and implementing rehabilitation programs/projects.

 

Photo Files

Damage to infrastructure

Damage to Agriculture equipment

 contact: tsunami@fao.org

© FAO, 2005