The Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR)
The "Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues" (JMPR) is an expert ad hoc body administered jointly by FAO and WHO in the purpose of harmonizing the requirement and the risk assessment on the pesticide residues
The JMPR has met annually since 1963 to conduct scientific evaluations of pesticide residues in food. It provides advice on the acceptable levels of pesticide residues in food moving in international trade. The JMPR consists of experts who attend as independent internationally-recognized specialists who act in a personal capacity and not as representatives of national governments.
The current JMPR comprises the WHO Core Assessment Group and the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment. The WHO Core Assessment Group is responsible for reviewing pesticide toxicological data and estimating Acceptable Daily Intakes (ADI), acute reference doses (ARfDs) and characterizes other toxicological criteria.
The FAO Panel is responsible for reviewing pesticide data residue and for estimating maximum residue levels, supervised trials median residue values (STMRs) and highest residues (HRs) in food and feed. The maximum residue levels are recommended to the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) for consideration to be adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) as CXLs.
The output of JMPR not only constitutes the essential basis for Codex MRLs for food and agricultural commodities circulating in international trade, its health-based guidance for pesticides (i.e. ADIs and ARfDs) and recommends maximum residue levels also benefit to the governments of the member countries and regions.
See also: WHO IPCS: Pesticides scheduled for evaluation at future meetings
Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR)
The CCPR, a subsidiary body of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), is an intergovernmental meeting whose prime objective is to reach agreement between governments on maximum residue limits (MRLs) for pesticides residues in food and feed commodities moving in international trade. The MRL proposals made by JMPR are considered by the CCPR as part of eight-step procedure which provides opportunity for discussion and comment by national governments and other interested organizations. The MRLs recommended by CCPR are provided to the CAC, for adoption as Codex maximum residue limits (CXLs).
Codex Alimentarius: Database on Maximum Limits for Pesticide Residue in Foods
Global Minor Use Summit
The first Global Minor Use Summit took place in Rome, 3-7 December 2007. Click here to access the Global Minor Use Portal
The Second Global Minor Use Summit took place in Rome, 21-23 February 2012. Click here to download the report of the Summit.