Monitoring the GPA
 

Monitoring of the GPA


The Second GPA

The overall progress on its implementation and the related follow-up processes of the Second GPA will be monitored and guided by governments and other FAO Members through the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Formats for progress reports as well as on criteria and indicators for monitoring the implementation of the Second GPA are to be reviewed by the Commission in 2013, building on previous work done on monitoring the implementation of Global Plan of Action.

Together with partners, FAO has reviewed the existing indicators and developed ‘PGRFA indicators’ to enable stakeholders at all levels to effectively monitor the implementation of the Second GPA. They take into account, where relevant, the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and the Nagoya Protocol. The Commission’s Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on PGR will review targets and indicators at its Sixth Session in November 2012.

History

Following the adoption of the Global Plan of Action at the Leipzig International Conference on Plant Genetic Resources in 1996, 150 countries agreed that the Plan should be implemented as an integral part of the FAO Global System on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity. Overall progress in the implementation of the Global Plan of Action and of the related follow-up processes would be monitored and guided by the national governments and other Members of FAO through the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

The Commission requested FAO to play a proactive and creative role in monitoring the implementation of the Global Plan of Action; develop a transparent and efficient monitoring process; and define a core set of indicators to facilitate such a process. FAO established criteria and indicators to assess progress in the implementation of the Plan and prepared reporting formats for progress reports from all parties concerned.

Surveys monitoring the implementation of the Global Plan of Action were carried out in 1998, in 2000 and 2003. Based on the results of these surveys, a new approach for monitoring the implementation of the Global Plan of Action was proposed to the Commission at its Ninth Regular Session in 2002. It provided a country-driven, participatory and capacity-building process and led to the establishment of National Information Sharing Mechanisms (NISMs).

NISM is a tool to monitor the Global Plan of Action based on a participatory, countrydriven and capacity-building process with a strong role for strengthening partnerships among national stakeholders, raising awareness on the importance of plant genetic resources among policy makers, and a tool to identify gaps and defining priorities for future collaborative action. The role of the National Focal Points for PGRFA is particularly important in the coordination of the various stakeholders involved in the conservation and use of PGRFA and in the collection of relevant information to be uploaded to the NISMs. In 2011, some 70 NISMs had been established by FAO and together constitute the World Information Sharing Mechanism. This is an important component of the World Information and Early Warning System.

The approach for monitoring the implementation of the Global Plan of Action includes:

  • List of Indicators and a Reporting Format for monitoring at country level all GPA priority activity areas;
  • Computer application developed to facilitate and simplify recording, processing, analysis and sharing of the information addressed by the indicators and the questionnaire; and
  • Guidelines for managing a participatory process involving stakeholders and for establishing National Information Sharing Mechanism on GPA implementation.