AGP - Climate Change Resilience in Africa - AGPME projects

Climate change resilience in Africa


A significant number of sub-Saharan countries tend to be particularly vulnerable to climate change for a number of reasons, including poor soils, erratic rainfalls, high temperatures, aridness, reliance on rain-dependent and/or finite natural resources, lack of infrastructures and high population growth rate.

Climate change - together with unsustainable practices in the management of land and soils, including deforestation, overgrazing and excessive application of chemical inputs - is also among the main drivers of land degradation processes. The loss of soil quality results in turn in decreased agricultural productivity, and may lead to severe social and economic losses.

FAO works in synergy with a number of partners to operate projects aimed at improving the resilience of farmers and herders in an effort to safe-guard their traditional way of life, preserve their local indigenous knowledge and improve the livelihoods of their communities. FAO projects are implementing 4,500 Farmers Field Schools and rehabilitating 67,000 hectares of soil.


Field schools

An approach to extension that is based on the concepts and principles of people-centered learning, and was developed as an alternative to the conventional, top-down, extension approaches. It uses innovative and participatory methods to create a learning environment, including learning networks, in which the land users have the opportunity to learn for themselves about particular production problems, and ways to address them, through their own observation, discussion and participation in practical learning-by-do

The approach can be used to enable farmers to investigate, and overcome, a wider range of problems, including soil productivity improvement, conservation practices, improved grassland management, improved agro-pastoral systems.

Self-Assessment of Farmers and Pastoralists' Resilience (SHARP)

SHARP (Self-evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers and Pastoralists) assesses the climate resilience of farmers and pastoralists through a participatory self-assessment survey of smallholder farmers and pastoralists regarding their climate resilience taking into account environmental, social, economic and governance aspects.  (Please click here for more information)

Core Themes