Grazing and land degradation in CIS countries and mongolia
10 June to 30 July 2005
Background and Objectives
This electronic conference is part of a consultative process that include the review of the main factors affecting the natural resources and livestock development in CIS countries and Mongolia from a technical, economic and policy perspective. The results of this electronic conference will be fed into a face-to face workshop that will take a place in Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic , on August 15-17 and 18-19, 2005.
The objective of this electronic conference is to outline the current state on natural resources and land degradation; identify the main causes of grassland degradation and to discuss the current and future trends and opportunities for pastoral systems with the experts from the region.
The goal is to be able to produce a document which formulates guidelines for the implementation of livestock projects that can effectively address the social, environmental and pastoral issues; the needs of research and development institutions and the policy framework.
This is a unique opportunity for the local researchers, experts and policy makers to express their views and influence the livestock development in the region.
The e-conference will be conducted in several sessions.
Session 1 (from 10/06 to 26/06)
The state of natural resources and land degradation
Goal: To identify the extent and magnitude of environmental impacts of livestock in the region.
The discussion should include the assessment of biodiversity in pastoral lands; state of grasslands (erosion, overgrazing, undergrazing, data, maps, etc) deforestation, water resources; desertification, etc.
Moderator : Dr.Ilya Smelansky (Ecological Centre of Siberia, Russia), Dr.Mauricio Rosales (LEAD-FAO), Svetlana Livinets (LEAD RLP/FAO)
Session 2 (from 27/06 to 06/07)
The causes of grassland degradation
Goal: To identify the driven factors affecting pastoralism and the consequent land degradation.
The discussion may encompass production and management issues (overstocking and changes in herd composition, overgrazing and undergrazing); disruption of transhumance herding; effects of on pastoral societies, biodiversity, soil and water; socio-economic factors; etc.
Moderator: Dr. Suratbek Yusupov (the director of the Research Institute of Karakul Sheep Breeding and Ecology of Desert, Uzbekistan), Dr. Tolib Mukimov (the Chief of laboratory of desert forage production and plant physiology, the Research Institute of Karakul Sheep Breeding and Ecology of Desert, Uzbekistan), Svetlana Livintes (the LEAD Russian Language Platform Manager, FAO)
Session 3 (from 07/07 to 17/07)
The current and future trends and opportunities for pastoral systems
Goal: To identify what needs to be done to achieve a more sustainable livestock production.
The discussion should look for innovative approaches to livestock production in the region: rangeland rehabilitation in semi-arid and arid zones; carbon sequestration in range lands; the access to technologies and needs of researchers; etc.
Moderators: Dr. Nariman Shamsutdinov (a senior researcher in the Laboratory of Agricultural Lands Biological Reclamation, A.N. Kostyakov All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, Russia), Svetlana Livintes (the LEAD Russian Language Platform Manager, FAO)
Session 4 (from 18/07 to 30/07)
Need for policies and concluding forum
Goal: To understand the policy framework and its effects on pastoralism and what policies should be implemented for a modern and sustainable livestock development.
The discussion should provide policy measures, practical cases and examples decision support systems and modelling; risks and risk management; the access to financial institutions and markets; etc
Moderators: Dr. Mauricio Rosales (the LEAD Virtual R&D Centre Manager, FAO-HQ), Svetlana Livintes (the LEAD Russian Language Platform Manager, FAO)