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Novel forms of livestock and wildlife integration adjacent to protected areas in Africa – Tanzania

This GEF-funded project implemented in the project area near Arusha in Tanzania, is situated within the Tarangire Ecosystem in two districts of Simanajiro and Monduli.   In addition to hosting a vast multitude of wildlife, the area is home to the pastoral community of the Maasai.

The goal of the project is the conservation of globally significant biodiversity, with improved ecological integrity, conflict resolution, food security and poverty alleviation.  The objective is to reduce the conflicts over access to natural resources through better integration of pastoralism and wildlife through effective policy and institutional change.   In pursuit of this objective, the project is structured around three major components:

  • development and implementation of land use plans and wildlife management areas aimed at safeguarding community resources, reducing eventual conflicts over resources and give communities the right to decide on how resources, wildlife and the benefits from wildlife are shared as an incentive to conservation.
  • design and development of benefit-sharing mechanism through capturing  direct and indirect  wildlife values.
  • development of Decision Support Tool (DST) to strengthen rational resource access and management.

The project is being implemented in six villages in the two districts in collaboration with the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, The World Bank, African wildlife Foundation, International Livestock Research Institute and LEAD.