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Livestock waste management in East Asia (LWMEA)

This ongoing project currently implemented in the three countries of China, Viet Nam and Thailand draws on the experience and knowledge created under the pilot projects. The project seeks to address the negative environmental impacts of rapidly increasing livestock production in selected the selected countries.  

This objective will be achieved by supporting an integrated and comprehensive approach to managing animal-induced pollution.  The project is addressing environmental threats by supporting the development of policies to balance the location of livestock production operations with land resources and encourage the use of manure and other nutrients by crop farmers.

The project will support activities under four project components presented below, to be implemented over a period of five years with a focus on: on-the-ground demonstration, policy development and regulatory enforcement.

Main project components comprise of:

  1. Livestock waste management technology demonstration
  2. Policy and replication strategy development
  3. Project management and monitoring
  4. Regional support services

See Project components for a description of each component.

Key elements of the project are:

  • development of functional tools and methodologies for use by the public and private sector that will help decision-makers develop an environmentally appropriate industrial livestock growth strategy, reflecting their competing objectives of food security, environment, public health and social concerns.
  • creation of a policy dialogue among stakeholders and enabling policymakers to evaluate the cost-benefits and cost-effectiveness of various policy and technical environmental management options in a manner that will permit them to make informed decisions on how to guide the expansion of the livestock industry in an environmentally sound manner. 
  • application of the tools and methodologies that will be developed through instruments such as training, demonstration, and institutional reform. 
    To-date the LWMEA has contributed to increased awareness among policy-makers in the three countries has translated into policy development in the form of environmental regulations.

In Thailand, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment with the assistance of the project preparation team has passed a regulation for waste management for pig farms and developed a Code of Good Agricultural practice for the certification of standard farms which includes conditions for management related to health, food, water, animal welfare and waste management. In addition, regulations that ban the discharge of waste-water into surface water has put into place. 

In Viet Nam, a national strategy and a law on environmental protection has been enacted while in China, a general national regulation on waste water management has been passed which also addresses industrialized livestock production.