This tool is a follow-up activity to the ALive/LEAD e-conference on pastoral mobility and drought management which was held from 18 October to 13 December 2006.
The purpose of the tool is to provide a cost-efficient and sustainable approach to drought management, natural resource management and pastoral production in arid and semi-arid areas of the sub-Saharan Africa.
This is achieved by supporting the decision-making process with easy to access information on the general issues of drought management.
The tool is divided in four main modules:
Assessing the Risk of Drought
Monitoring Signs of Drought
On the Shelf Responses to Drought
Incorporating Existing Drought Resistance
The first three modules describe in detail the components needed to set up a comprehensive Early Warning and Response System.
Then based on a good understanding of the risk, a monitoring system can be put in place to trace the signs of an emerging drought and indicate the future situation classification. Contingency planning can then be initiated containing on the shelf responses to the various phases of a drought.
The last module emphasizes that mobile pastoral systems, by their very nature, are very resilient to pastoral drought and points out that whether or not there is an Early Warning and Response system in place there is a primary need to support existing well adapted strategies such as long distance opportunistic grazing.