Agroecology Knowledge Hub

Resilience: enhanced resilience of people, communities and ecosystems is key to sustainable food and agricultural systems

Diversified agroecological systems are more resilient – they have a greater capacity to recover from disturbances including extreme weather events such as drought, floods or hurricanes, and to resist pest and disease attack. Following Hurricane Mitch in Central America in 1998, biodiverse farms including agroforestry, contour farming and cover cropping retained 20–40 percent more topsoil, suffered less erosion and experienced lower economic losses than neighbouring farms practicing conventional monocultures.

By maintaining a functional balance, agroecological systems are better able to resist pest and disease attack. Agroecological practices recover the biological complexity of agricultural systems and promote the necessary community of interacting organisms to self-regulate pest outbreaks. On a landscape scale, diversified agricultural landscapes have a greater potential to contribute to pest and disease control functions.

Agroecological approaches can equally enhance socio-economic resilience. Through diversification and integration, producers reduce their vulnerability should a single crop, livestock species or other commodity fail. By reducing dependence on external inputs, agroecology can reduce producers’ vulnerability to economic risk. Enhancing ecological and socio-economic resilience go hand-in-hand – after all, humans are an integral part of ecosystems.


This film introduces the concept of Enlightened Agriculture - a way of producing food that is designed to provide good food for everyone, everywhere, without cruelty or injustice and without wrecking the biosphere. It showcases some of the farmers and growers who are putting Enlightened Agriculture into practice and the...
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The case studies follow on from IPES-Food’s 2016 report, From Uniformity to Diversity, which identified the vicious cycles locking industrial food and farming systems in place, despite their severe impacts on human health, economic and social well-being, biodiversity, and climate change. The case studies provide concrete examples of how people are rethinking...
Two serious problems in rice production should be solved, not only in China, but also all over the world. First, environmental problems need to be addressed, such as soil erosion caused by annual rice production systems, especially upland rice production, although yields are high. Second, with economic development, labour shortages...
El propósito del estudio es, identificar los programas que se insertan en la estrategia de la producción agroecológica de diferentes organismos no gubernamentales que implementan esta línea de trabajo, analizando sus alcances, beneficiarios, territorios abarcados, modalidades, explicitando las ventajas y limitaciones que conlleva la puesta en práctica del modelo de...
Working paper
El concepto de agricultura orgánica se basa en una visión general. La naturaleza es bastante más que los elementos individuales en que puede ser dividida. Los principios y las ideas de la agricultura se basan en la ciencia de la ecología, la interrelación existente entre los organismos vivos y sus...
Conference proceedings