Центр знаний об агроэкологии

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Despite the wide diversity of regional and local approaches to agroecology present in different regions, issues raised across the different regional symposia showed that agroecology looks for local solutions to global problems. Participants of the regional symposia (governments, civil society, academy and private sector) developed recommendations to guide different stakeholders in addressing the principles of agroecology. Common themes and recommendations elaborated in the regional symposia, that contribute to frame FAO’s approach to agroecology, include:

Investing in agroecology through public policies

Investing in agroecology through public policies

Create an enabling environment for agroecology through the adoption of supportive public policies, national budgets, legal frameworks and regulations at sub-national, national and regional levels. Increase investments in the development of agroecology in terms of: (i) applied agroecological research, data and statistics; (ii) programmes and projects targeting agroecological producers, food systems and markets; (iii) dissemination and exchange of knowledge and best practices. Promote inter-sectoral partnerships and South-South Cooperation on agroecology by fostering participatory exchanges of experiences and knowledge across territories, countries and regions, and by engaging civil society organizations, farmers’ organizations, governments, academia and researchers.

Climate change

Climate change

Recognize the potential of agroecology to ensure adaptation and resilience to climate change by: (i) supporting applied research and data on the role of agroecology in increasing resilience; (ii) ensuring that selection of varieties, species, livestock and trees takes place at decentralized and local levels; (iii) support the design of agricultural systems based on principles of diversification and integration - including agroforestry and crop-livestock systems; (iv) promoting agroecological systems to restore and regenerate drylands and maintain functional ecosystems in mountains and marginalized areas.

Agroecological innovations

Agroecological innovations

Promote social innovation and bottom-up participatory research, knowledge and education on agroecology in agricultural research, development and extension services by: (i) fostering regional and national inter-sectoral innovation platforms for agroecology; (ii) strengthening innovation systems for the transition towards sustainable agriculture based on principles of efficiency, recycling, diversification, regulation and synergies; (iii) recognizing the role of farmers as co-researchers and innovators; (iv) bridging formal and informal innovation processes.

Ecosystem services and agroecology

Ecosystem services and agroecology

By protecting and promoting ecosystem functions while producing food, agroecology has a fundamental role to play in enabling sustainable food systems based on FAO’s principles for Sustainable Food and Agriculture (SFA) and aligned with Save and Grow practices and technologies. Resilient land and water management is promoted by ensuring the healthy functioning of vital ecosystem services such as pollination, soil nutrient cycling, natural pest control and watershed services. All such services are supported by biological diversity, particularly agrobiodiversity occurring in farmers’ fields.  Along with the tenets of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Ecosystem Approach, agroecology recognizes the centrality of people – in this case of family farmers and smallholders, - in managing natural resources through societal, context-specific choices.  The role of rural women- in preserving biodiversity, including traditional and farmer varieties and sustainable management of natural resources through agroecology is key, as is attention to the rights and interests of youth.

Social protection and rural development

Social protection and rural development

Recognize and promote the rights and contribution of family farmers and smallholders, in particular rural women and youth, in preserving biodiversity, including traditional and farmer varieties, and the sustainable management of natural resources through agroecology. Ensure access to natural resources through agroecology (including land, water, genetic resources, oceans, forests, commons, biodiversity and territories). Facilitate the access of smallholders and family farmers’ to diversified markets that support agroecological production through: (i) promotion of public procurement policies oriented to promote and scale up agroecological food systems; (ii) advocacy on the nutritional value of agroecological products; (iii) the creation and strengthening of local territorial social markets and cooperatives; (iv) empowerment of women and youth through increased employment and income; (v) support to the development of institutional innovations and participatory certification schemes for local distribution and consumption.

Food security and nutrition

Food security and nutrition

Agroecology can provide an important pathway to accessible, high quality, nutritious, healthy and adequate food. By connecting traditional and scientific knowledge it is possible to produce food while respecting the environment. At the same time, traditional agroecological knowledge on nutrition and food, and the strong contribution of women must be better recognized and shared through many levels of the education process.

Further regional symposia are being convened in 2016 in China, Latin America, Africa and Europe to continue with the regional consultation process in the framework of FAO’s work plan. Throughout this process, it is evident that agroecology has an important role to play in achieving the Second Sustainable Development Goal - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. In this regard FAO will continue working on agroecology through different approaches, including: technical support to countries and partners and their national and local policies and programmes, partnerships with universities and research institutes, and collaboration with farmers’ organizations who hold considerable agroecological knowledge.

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