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Escritório Regional da FAO para a América Latina e o Caribe

CODEGALAC Rules and regulations

Extract from the FAO Council Report, 92nd session. Rome, 3-6 November 1987

Establishment of a Regional Commission on Livestock Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

100. The Council was informed of the critical situation in the livestock sub-sector in Latin America and the Caribbean which had given rise to concern in recent years despite the fact that there had been an expansion in animal production. The Council noted that the expansion had been due mainly to an increase in the number of the animals rather than to higher productivity. The Council also noted that as a result of national self-sufficiency, ratios in the livestock sub-sector had declined particularly in the 1980s. The underlying factors for this situation were primarily inadequate feed resources, insufficient transfer of technologies, disease control problems, low genetic quality of stocks and export discrimination.

101. The Council appreciated the support given by FAO to animal production and health development in the Region over the years. It expressed its appreciation for the close attention given to the deteriorating situation in the livestock sub-sector in a number of FAO meetings, including the Committee on Agriculture and the Programme Committee, as well as the Nineteenth FAO Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean (Barbados, 5-13 August 1986). The Regional Conference had stressed the need for urgent action and recommended the establishment of a livestock commission. The Expert Consultation on Livestock Development Policy (Brazil, April 1987) fully supported this recommendation with a view to promoting national and regional animal production and health development programmes.

102. The Council noted that the Nineteenth FAO Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean had recommended that a Livestock Committee be established as an advisory body to the FAO Council, in accordance with Article VI-2 of the FAO Constitution. Several members requested the Secretariat to take the necessary steps in order to implement this recommendation.

103. The Council expressed concern for the situation in the livestock sub- sector in the Region and reiterated the need for FAO-supported action at the national, as well as at the regional, level. The Council agreed that such concerted action would make a significant contribution in furthering all aspects of animal production and health in the Region, especially through the promotion of coherent TCDC programmes and training.

104. The Council stressed that, while the Commission on Livestock Development for Latin America and the Caribbean would deal mainly with policy and strategy matters in regard to livestock development, it could be supported by ad hoc expert consultations on selected technical subjects,

105. The Council suggested that organizations dealing with livestock development in the region such as the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and others be invited to attend sessions of the Commission as observers. The Representative of Italy indicated the willingness of his Government to consider requests for financial assistance in aspects related to the new Commission and its work.

106. The Council in concluding its discussion unanimously endorsed the Director-General's proposal for the establishment of a Commission on Livestock Development for Latin America and the Caribbean under Article VI, paragraph 1, of the FAO Constitution in view of the importance of the livestock sub-sector in the economy of the Region, andadopted the following Resolution:

Commission on Livestock Development for Latin America and the Caribbean

THE COUNCIL,

Recognizing the serious constraints on livestock development in Latin America and the Caribbean,

Noting with satisfaction the recommendations of the Nineteenth-FAO Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean held in Barbados in 1986, and of the Expert Consultation on Livestock Development Policy held in Brazil In 1987,

Considering that the development of policies and the formulation of an active national and regional livestock development programme, and its coordinated Implementation, requires the establishment of a body comprising the Member Nations of the Region that could contribute to the effective implementation of all stages of the Programme,

Decides to establish, under Article VI.1 of the Constitution, a Commission to be known as the "Commission on Livestock Development for Latin America and the Caribbean", the Statutes of which shall be as follows:

  1. Membership
    The Commission shall be open to all Member Nations and Associate Members of the Organization in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Commission shall be composed of those eligible Member Nations and Associate Members which notify the Director-General of their desire to be considered as Members.
  2. Terms of Reference
    The terms of reference of the Commission shall be:
    1. to recommend animal production and health policies for the Members of the Commission;
    2. to plan and promote action for the improvement of animal production;
    3. to plan and promote action for the survey and control of animal diseases and recommend common standards and practices for this purpose;
    4. to plan and promote action for the transfer and adaptation of biotechnology in livestock development;
    5. to plan and promote action to establish research and educational programmes to meet the needs of the animal industry;
    6. to determine, in consultation with members concerned, the nature and extent of assistance needed by such members in order to implement their national livestock development programmes, as well as to support regional programmes;
    7. to appraise progress reports on the implementation and development of the programme.
  3. Sessions
    Sessions of the Commission shall be held once every two years and shall be convened by the Director-General.
  4. Subsidiary bodies
    1. The Commission may establish such subsidiary bodies as may be required for the effective discharge of its functions;
    2. the establishment of any subsidiary body shall be subject to the determination by the Director-General that the necessary funds are available in the relevant chapter of the budget of. the Organization or from extra-budgetary sources. Before taking any decision involving expenditure in connection with the establishment of subsidiary bodies, the Commission shall have before it a report from the Director-General on the proposed programme, administrative and financial implications thereof.
  5. Reporting
    At the conclusion of each session, the Commission shall submit to the Director-General a report on its activities and recommendations taking into account the need for the Director-General to be in a position to take such reports into consideration when preparing the draft Programme of Work and Budget of the Organization or other submissions to the Organization's governing bodies. The Director-General shall bring to the attention of the Conference through the Council any recommendations adopted by the Commission which have policy implications or which affect the programme or finances of the Organization. As soon as they become available, copies of each report of the Commission will be circulated to Member Nations and Associate Members of the Organization and also to international organizations and agencies that are concerned with animal production and health in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  6. Secretariat and Expenses
    1. The Secretary of the Commission shall be appointed by the Director-General and shall be administratively responsible to him. The expenses of the Secretariat of the Commission shall be determined and paid by the Organization within the limits of the relevant appropriations in the approved budget of the Organization;
    2. expenses incurred by representatives of Members of the Commission, their alternates or advisers, when attending sessions of the Commission or its subsidiary bodies, as well as the expenses of observers at sessions, shall be borne by the respective governments or organizations.
  7. Observers
    The participation as observers of Member Nations and Associate Members that are not Members of the Commission, of non-Member States of the Organization, and of international organizations shall be governed by the relevant provisions of the principles adopted by the Conference.
  8. Rules of Procedure
    The Commission may adopt and amend its own rules of procedure which shall be in conformity with the Constitution and the General Rules of the Organization and with the Statement of Principles Governing Commissions and Committees adopted by the Conference. The rules of procedure and amendments thereto shall come into force upon approval by the Director-General.