FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

Regional Initiative 1 (RI1)

Latin America and the Caribbean was the first region worldwide committing to completely eradicate hunger by 2025. This commitment is based on the unique progress achieved by this region, which is the only one who reached both international targets in hunger reduction - the World Food Summit's and the Millennium Development Goals' - of halving both the number and percentage of undernourished people.
One of the crucial aspects behind this achievement has been a high level political commitment, translated into regional, subregional and national hunger eradication plans and strategies.
Through IR1, FAO is supporting major food security arrangements in the region through all sectors of society to ensure the right to food for all.

RI1 - Hunger-Free Latin America and Caribbean Initiative

Latin America and the Caribbean has managed to rescue over thirty million people from hunger in recent decades, becoming the region with greatest progress worldwide.

One key factor behind this advance has been political commitment: Latin American and Caribbean governments and societies have decided to put food security at the top of their political agenda.

This process involved a series of high-level agreements, as well as national and regional policies to fight against hunger and malnutrition which have become an example for the rest of the world.

The FAO Regional Initiative 1 is supporting this political approach of fight against hunger that has become a hallmark region wide. The Initiative is focused in strengthening and deepening the impact of major pacts, agreements, plans and strategies for food security and eradication of hunger and malnutrition.

Not only reducing but eradicating hunger by 2025

In 2005 this Region was the first committing not only to reduce hunger levels, but to completely eradicate it by 2025. This wish became the first major regional agreement of this nature and shaped the Hunger Free Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative (IALCSH), ratified by all countries, aimed at ensuring food security through multisectoral public policies and high-impact projects at regional and national level.

As part of this great regional agreement, Latin America and the Caribbean wants to ensure that the present generation of men, women and children be the last living with hunger.

FAO has supported the implementation of this agreement since its inception, working with parliamentarians, governments, academics, producer associations and civil society to ensure the right to food.

The greatest food security plan: CELAC

The largest regional integration entity - the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, CELAC - has taken up as well the challenge of ending hunger through the development and implementation of an ambitious plan that attacks the roots of hunger and its consequences.

That is the Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication Plan 2025, which was built supported by FAO, based on successful public policies created by the countries of the region. This plan includes school feeding programs, family farming support, food supply and social protection programs, healthy diet, risk management and climate change adaptation and mitigation.

The Plan was approved in 2015 in Costa Rica during the III CELAC Summit of Heads of State and Government, and FAO Regional Initiative 1 provides continuous support for its implementation.

Food as a human right

A third working area related to the Regional Initiative 1 is the support granted to the Parliamentary Fronts Against Hunger (PFAH), which bring together legislators throughout the region, both at national and regional level, to strengthen food security through laws granting the necessary budgets to meet the needs of the most vulnerable.

Currently, 17 countries hold Parliamentary Fronts in the region. Likewise, there are four regional fronts: the Latin American Parliament (PARLATINO), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), the Andean Parliament (PARLANDINO) and the Forum of the Presidents of Legislative Powers of Central America and the Caribbean Basin (FOPREL).

The Regional Initiative 1 works with all the above to make food security a strategic issue of legislative activity, promoting the establishment of favorable institutional frameworks for a full realization of the right to food in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Strengthening South-South cooperation

The Regional Initiative 1 promotes the exchange of experiences amongst countries through south-south cooperation so that they can replicate their successful experiences and improve their public policies to fight hunger.

To achieve it, the Initiative works with the Brazil-FAO International Cooperation Program, which develops initiatives such as school meals and public procurement, humanitarian cooperation, agro-environmental policies, and strengthening civil society among others.

With the FAO- Spain Program the Initiative works on issues such as the implementation of policies and programs for food security and nutrition, prevention, control and eradication of transboundary diseases and capacity building and training.

The Initiative supports as well the Regional Program of Triangular Cooperation Venezuela - FAO, SANA, which works with key regional initiatives to fight hunger, as the Action Plan for the eradication of hunger and poverty, "Hugo Chavez", and strengthens as well social movements, training their leaders and organizations and supporting family farming organizations, to promote opportunities for food exchange and joint marketing.

Another initiative promoting South-South cooperation in the region is the Mesoamerica Without Hunger Program, which is the result of a collaboration agreement between FAO and the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID). This Program seeks to contribute strengthening local, national and regional institutional frameworks in order to reach food security and nutrition (FSN) and differentiated services for family farming in the countries of Central America, Colombia and the Dominican Republic. To do this, the intervention of Mesoamerica Without Hunger is articulated through eight action topics and two crossed ones, emphasizing aspects such as governance, sustainable management of natural resources and knowledge management, among others.