FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

Dry Corridor

The Dry Corridor is a strip of territory that streteches across Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala. More than 10 million people live there, many of whom are engaged in agricultural activities, especially the small production of basic grains.

It is an area highly vulnerable to extreme climatic events, where long periods of drought are followed by intense rains that strongly affect the livelihoods and food security of local populations. 80% of small producers live in poverty, and many people are forced to migrate.

FAO’s Contributions: actions with countries and partners

FAO is working to change this reality and turn the Dry Corridor into a land of opportunities.

Together with rural communities, youth, women and indigenous people, 26 projects are underway to transform their livelihoods and promote climate-resilient agriculture, through technological innovations, new agricultural practices, business opportunities, partnerships with the private sector, and access to markets.

Map of FAO Projects in the Dry Corridor

Effects of the El Niño phenomenon in countries of North Central America, around 2015