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الموارد الوراثية المائية - احتياطي قيم وغير مستكشف للتنوع البيولوجي للأغذية والزراعة

Thematic background studies

At its Fifteenth Session, the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture endorsed an indicative list of thematic background studies to be prepared in support of the first report on the State of the World's Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture:

  • Incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives
    Production and value statistics for farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives are highly aggregated to species or community levels, with many reports to FAO not even identifying the species used.
    Management of fish stocks, traceability of fish and fish products, and oversight and development of responsible aquaculture requires management of genetic diversity, linked to production. This study, based on input from international experts, describes elements of information systems containing information genetic diversity and indicators useful in fisheries and aquaculture development and management.
  • Genome-based Biotechnologies in Aquaculture
    Aquaculture is making increasing use of biotechnology and application of genomic research for domestication, increased production, improved management and better traceability of fish and fish products in the supply chain. With advances often outpacing the development of policy and regulatory frameworks and consumer awareness the key is to harness biotechnology for beneficial ends, with biosecurity ensured through precaution and sound management of risks, and through understanding consumers' attitudes. This study describes the breadth of genetic biotechnologies that are being used in characterizing aquatic genetic resources and in improving sustainability, production and profitability in aquaculture.
  • Genetic resources for farmed seaweeds
    The farming of seaweeds to produce material for the food and other industries, as well as products for direct consumption as human food, is one of the world's largest aquaculture operation. Due to their increasing relevance as genetic resources for food security, they require coverage in a State of the World Report as they have often been omitted from other reports.
  • Genetic resources for farmed freshwater macrophytes: a review
    The cultivation and consumption of FAMs and their impact on food security has long been unrecognised and under-recorded despite their significant contribution to food production and nutrient recycling. This study is focused on the main FAMs cultivated for provision of human food and other uses as the treatment of wastewater or the production of supplementary feed in a number of farming systems.
  • Genetic resources for microorganisms of current and potential use in aquaculture
    Bacteria, cyanobacteria, microalgae and fungi are cultured extensively as feed sources in aquaculture; some microorganisms are fed directly to farmed species whilst others are used to increase the nutritional value of other microorganisms that will subsequently be fed to farmed species. Some bacteria are used as probiotics to enhance fish growth and health. Many species and strains of microalgae are kept as ex situ.