Indonesia, FAO to strengthen fisheries and aquaculture cooperation
Indonesia and FAO will strengthen cooperation in the field of marine affairs and fisheries under an agreement signed on 28 May 2013. The three-year Memorandum of Agreement, which sets up a framework for future joint activities in those sectors, was signed by Indonesian Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Sharif C. Sutardjo and by FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, paying a three-day official visit to Indonesia.
Under the agreement, specific arrangements will be made to increase cooperation in a number of areas including sustainable fisheries and aquaculture development, marine conservation and the prevention, deterrence and elimination of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing.
The agreement also covers capacity building, education and training, research and the exchange of experts– including through South-South cooperation – as well as food safety. Indonesia is a prominent actor in South-South cooperation and a member of the G20.
FAO and Indonesia also agreed to consult on matters of mutual interest prior to the international fisheries meetings.
In 2011, Indonesia’s fishery production totalled some 8.4 million tonnes, of which inland and marine catch accounted for about 5.7 million tonnes and aquaculture 2.7 million tonnes. About 95 percent of the country’s fishery production comes from artisanal fishermen. In 2011, over 6 million people were engaged in inland and marine fishing and fish farming. The marine fishing fleet comprised 581 845 vessels. About 54 percent of Indonesia’s animal protein supply comes from fish and seafood. Per capita annual consumption has almost tripled from an average of 10.2 kg in the 1970s to 27.3 kg in 2010.
In 2012, the total value of Indonesia’s fisheries exports was US$3.6 billion. The fishing industry accounted for 21 percent of Indonesia’s agricultural economy and 3 percent of national GDP.
Indonesia is one of 38 countries which have already met the Millennium Development Goal of halving their percentage of hunger by 2015.