粮农组织亚洲及太平洋区域办事处

在亚洲,鱼类目前为人们提供了约20%的膳食蛋白质。由于人口和经济持续增长,估计到2030 年亚洲鱼类消费量将大幅增加30%。由于捕捞业产量停滞,水产养殖业被视为能够满足不断增长需求的唯一途径。本区域举措有助于亚洲水产养殖业实现可持续增长,预计通过为成员国政府提供支持,帮助他们在保护环境的同时有效解决低投入、高产出过程中面临的关键问题,水产养殖产量有望到2030 年提高60%。

该区域举措的目标是实现亚洲水产养殖业的可持续增长,满足亚太区域及全球对鱼类的不断增长的需求,促进实现粮食和营养安全,并将水产养殖打造为一种具有吸引力和复原力的生计方式,以减少贫困,从总体上促进区域经济发展。

FAO is working to provide a comprehensive programme of support for member countries to enhance climate action for agriculture. FAO’s growing portfolio of climate change activities strengthens member-country capacities to plan, implement and report on climate change adaptation and mitigation, and build resilience in the agriculture sector, contributing to the Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(DRR) and the 2030 Agenda at large.At the global level, FAO launched its Strategy on Climate Change at the 40th Session of the FAO Conference. The Strategy set three outcomes towards enhanced resilience of food, agriculture systems and dependent livelihoods: enhancing member-country capacities; improving the integration of agriculture and food security into the global climate change agenda; and strengthening FAO’s work on climate change. A revised Action Plan Results Framework for the Strategy was endorsed by the FAO Programme Committee in November 2017 and sets forth output indicators for FAO to support countries with nationally determined contributions (NDC) implementation, enhance access to finance and better integrate agriculture and food security into national climate change and DRR policies, strategies and programmes – among others. FAO also supports countries in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: particularly relevant for Asia where most of the disasters are climate-related.

The RI-CC Programmatic Work Areas (PWAs) in 2018-2019 align to the outcomes of the FAO Strategy on Climate Change and include:

  • PWA 1: Enhance capacities of member countries in the Asia and the Pacific region to implement and monitor measures, identified in their NDCs and national policies, to scale up adaptation, enhance resilience and reduce emissions for the agriculture sectors.
  • PWA 2: Improve the integration of food security, agriculture, forestry and fisheries within national and regional implementation of the international climate change and DRR agenda within the framework of the SDGs.
  • PWA 3: Strengthen FAO regional leadership in climate-smart agriculture and related resilience building technologies and practices, knowledge sharing and partnership building, including mechanisms for management of climate-induced crisis risk.