FAO leads international efforts to defeat hunger in four areas:
- Information. FAO serves as a knowledge network of information to support development.
- Sharing policy expertise. FAO lends its experience to member countries in devising agricultural policy, supporting planning, drafting effective legislation and creating national strategies to achieve rural development and to combat hunger.
- Forum. FAO provides a neutral setting where nations meet to build a common understanding.
- Finance. FAO manages funds provided by development partners for projects.. FAO complements the funding with technical knowhow.
The FAO Sub-regional Office for the Pacific Islands was established in 1996 in Samoa to coordinate the work of FAO in the Pacific region. The members are Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Tokelau is an Associate Member.
The SAP is headed by a Sub-Regional Representative who is also the FAO Representative in Samoa and is accredited to the other FAO Pacific members (Cook Islands, Fiji, FSM, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Vanuatu). FAO activities are supported by technical experts and a network of National Correspondents.
Under the overall aim to improve food security and income earning opportunities the FAO-Governments partnership in the Pacific focuses on the priority areas of help eliminate hunger food insecurity and malnutrition; make agriculture more productive and sustainable; reduce rural poverty; enable inclusive and efficient agriculture & food systems; and increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises.
FAO assistance in the Pacific is provided through programmes and projects, technical support and capacity building.