Development partners provide substantial assistance to the Pacific Islands region. To ensure sustainable development, priority must be given to aid coordination among the partners. This study of 14 Pacific Islands Forum Countries maps the activities of key development partners and regional agencies in the agricultural sector with the aim of enhancing the harmonization of resources. The study is linked to an FAO initiative titled the Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods Programme (FSSLP). Whilst the agriculture sector remains central to economic growth and poverty reduction, funding for rural development has fallen short of demand in many PICs. Rebuilding infrastructure and support services are seen as priority areas. The private sector is considered a key player in agriculture, prompting development partners to support an enabling environment for private sector-led growth. A likely increase in assistance to the agriculture and environment sectors will require improved instruments and delivery. However, donor fragmentation remains a challenge, and coordinating development activity remains a priority.