FAO Representation
Viet Nam

Integrated Management of Lagoon Activities in Tam Giang Cau Hai Lagoon (IMOLA) - GCP/VIE/029/ITA

Vietnam has an extensive coastline of 3,260km and numerous inland aquatic resources, underpinning the importance of the development of the fisheries sector. As a result of the Doi Moi and the related market reforms, the fisheries sector has undergone a 5-12% annual growth in production in recent years. At present, the fisheries sector contributes approximately 9% of Vietnam’s GDP and accounts for the third largest export commodity.

Indeed, fisheries are integral to Vietnam’s development process, contributing to the improvement of food security, reduction of poverty and promotion of sustainable livelihoods and employment generation in rural areas. Compared to common rice cultivation, the produce of fishery and aquaculture activities generate higher income for rural households whilst enriching their respective food consumption patterns.

The lagoon system in Hue is considered large (70km in length) and complex. It is estimated that approximately 300,000 people earn part of their livelihoods through fishing and aquaculture. Nonetheless, these activities exert considerable pressure on the lagoon system and its natural resources. The reclamation of land for agriculture and poorly planned aquaculture development has led to excessive fishing and the loss of nursery areas. Consequently, as coastal fish stocks decline, the livelihoods of local people are adversely affected. It is anticipated that this deterioration will continue, unless there are changes in the local techniques and a sustainable approach to the management of resources is applied. The recent floods and droughts in the province have highlighted the vulnerability of people living around the lagoon and the urgency in addressing the aforementioned challenges with respect to the future management of the lagoon system.

Partly in response to the above issues, the objective of the FAO IMOLA project is to improve the livelihoods of the people dependent on the lagoon system in Thua Thien Hue. The focus is on the activities encompassing the entire lagoon system of Thua Thien Hue. The project seeks to assist the Provincial People’s Committee (PPC) of Hue province and its Fisheries department in formulating a strategy for sustainable lagoon management through the Integrated Lagoon Management plan. This will build on an understanding of the current status of the physical and ecological systems as well as the livelihoods of the people around the lagoon. Accordingly, the project employs participatory methodology aimed at strengthening provincial institutional capacity. Emphasis is placed on the sustainable use of hydro-biological resources and the improvement of the livelihoods of the poor in the area. The time-frame for the implementation is three years, incorporating three phases: the survey, formulation of the management plan and preparation of the management plan. It is expected that the ‘model’ of integrated lagoon management plan that will emerge in Hue will be emulated by other areas of Vietnam.

Vietnam has an extensive coastline of 3,260km and numerous inland aquatic resources, underpinning the importance of the development of the fisheries sector. As a result of the Doi Moi and the related market reforms, the fisheries sector has undergone a 5-12% annual growth in production in recent years. At present, the fisheries sector contributes approximately 9% of Vietnam’s GDP and accounts for the third largest export commodity.

Indeed, fisheries are integral to Vietnam’s development process, contributing to the improvement of food security, reduction of poverty and promotion of sustainable livelihoods and employment generation in rural areas. Compared to common rice cultivation, the produce of fishery and aquaculture activities generate higher income for rural households whilst enriching their respective food consumption patterns.

The lagoon system in Hue is considered large (70km in length) and complex. It is estimated that approximately 300,000 people earn part of their livelihoods through fishing and aquaculture. Nonetheless, these activities exert considerable pressure on the lagoon system and its natural resources. The reclamation of land for agriculture and poorly planned aquaculture development has led to excessive fishing and the loss of nursery areas. Consequently, as coastal fish stocks decline, the livelihoods of local people are adversely affected. It is anticipated that this deterioration will continue, unless there are changes in the local techniques and a sustainable approach to the management of resources is applied. The recent floods and droughts in the province have highlighted the vulnerability of people living around the lagoon and the urgency in addressing the aforementioned challenges with respect to the future management of the lagoon system.

Partly in response to the above issues, the objective of the FAO IMOLA project is to improve the livelihoods of the people dependent on the lagoon system in Thua Thien Hue. The focus is on the activities encompassing the entire lagoon system of Thua Thien Hue. The project seeks to assist the Provincial People’s Committee (PPC) of Hue province and its Fisheries department in formulating a strategy for sustainable lagoon management through the Integrated Lagoon Management plan. This will build on an understanding of the current status of the physical and ecological systems as well as the livelihoods of the people around the lagoon. Accordingly, the project employs participatory methodology aimed at strengthening provincial institutional capacity. Emphasis is placed on the sustainable use of hydro-biological resources and the improvement of the livelihoods of the poor in the area. The time-frame for the implementation is three years, incorporating three phases: the survey, formulation of the management plan and preparation of the management plan. It is expected that the ‘model’ of integrated lagoon management plan that will emerge in Hue will be emulated by other areas of Vietnam.

IMOLA phase II is funded. Please see more information about project can be found at http://www.imolahue.org


FAO Representation in Vietnam, No. 3 Nguyen Gia Thieu, Hanoi
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E-mail: FAO-VN@fao.org

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